Angular 4.3.3 HttpClient : How get value from the header of a response?

( Editor: VS Code; Typescript: 2.2.1 )

The purpose is to get the headers of the response of the request

Assume a POST request with HttpClient in a Service

import {
    Injectable
} from "@angular/core";

import {
    HttpClient,
    HttpHeaders,
} from "@angular/common/http";

@Injectable()
export class MyHttpClientService {
    const url = 'url';

    const body = {
        body: 'the body'
    };

    const headers = 'headers made with HttpHeaders';

    const options = {
        headers: headers,
        observe: "response", // to display the full response
        responseType: "json"
    };

    return this.http.post(sessionUrl, body, options)
        .subscribe(response => {
            console.log(response);
            return response;
        }, err => {
            throw err;
        });
}

HttpClient Angular Documentation

The first problem is that I have a Typescript error :

'Argument of type '{ 
    headers: HttpHeaders; 
    observe: string; 
    responseType: string;
}' is not assignable to parameter of type'{ 
    headers?: HttpHeaders;
    observe?: "body";
    params?: HttpParams; reportProgress?: boolean;
    respons...'.

Types of property 'observe' are incompatible.
Type 'string' is not assignable to type '"body"'.'
at: '51,49' source: 'ts'

Indeed, when I go to the ref of post() method, I point on this prototype (I Use VS code)

post(url: string, body: any | null, options: {
        headers?: HttpHeaders;
        observe?: 'body';
        params?: HttpParams;
        reportProgress?: boolean;
        responseType: 'arraybuffer';
        withCredentials?: boolean;
    }): Observable<ArrayBuffer>;

But I want this overloaded method :

post(url: string, body: any | null, options: {
    headers?: HttpHeaders;
    observe: 'response';
    params?: HttpParams;
    reportProgress?: boolean;
    responseType?: 'json';
    withCredentials?: boolean;
}): Observable<HttpResponse<Object>>;

So, I tried to fix this error with this structure :

  const options = {
            headers: headers,
            "observe?": "response",
            "responseType?": "json",
        };

And It compiles! But I just get the body request as in json format.

Futhermore, why I have to put a ? symbol at the end of some name of fields ? As I saw on Typescript site, this symbol should just tell to the user that it is optional ?

I also tried to use all the fields, without and with ? marks

EDIT

I tried the solutions proposed by Angular 4 get headers from API response. For the map solution:

this.http.post(url).map(resp => console.log(resp));

Typescript compiler tells that map does not exists because it is not a part of Observable

I also tried this

import { Response } from "@angular/http";

this.http.post(url).post((resp: Response) => resp)

It compiles, but I get a unsupported Media Type response. These solutions should work for "Http" but it does not on "HttpClient".

EDIT 2

I get also a unsupported media type with the @Supamiu solution, so it would be an error on my headers. So the second solution from above (with Response type) should works too. But personnaly, I don't think it is a good way to mix "Http" with "HttpClient" so I will keep the solution of Supamiu

Answers:

Answer

You can observe the full response instead of the content only. To do so, you have to pass observe: response into the options parameter of the function call.

http
  .get<MyJsonData>('/data.json', {observe: 'response'})
  .subscribe(resp => {
    // Here, resp is of type HttpResponse<MyJsonData>.
    // You can inspect its headers:
    console.log(resp.headers.get('X-Custom-Header'));
    // And access the body directly, which is typed as MyJsonData as requested.
    console.log(resp.body.someField);
  });

See HttpClient's documentation

Answer

main problem of typecast so we can use "response" as 'body'

we can handle like

const options = {
    headers: headers,
    observe: "response" as 'body', // to display the full response & as 'body' for type cast
    responseType: "json"
};

return this.http.post(sessionUrl, body, options)
    .subscribe(response => {
        console.log(response);
        return response;
    }, err => {
        throw err;
    });
Answer

Indeed, the main problem was a Typescript problem.

In the code of post(), options was declared directly in the parameters, so, as an "anonymous" interface.

The solution was to put directly the options in raw inside the parameters

http.post("url", body, {headers: headers, observe: "response"}).subscribe...
Answer

If you use the solution from the top answer and you don't have access to .keys() or .get() on response.headers, make sure that you're using fetch rather than xhr.

Fetch requests are the default, but Angular will use xhr if xhr-only headers are present (e.x. x-www-form-urlencoded).

If you are trying to access any custom response headers, then you have to specify those headers with another header called Access-Control-Expose-Headers.

Answer

Some times even with the above solution you can't retrieve custom headers if it is CORS request. In that case you need to whitelist desired headers in server side.

For Example: Access-Control-Expose-Headers: X-Total-Count

Answer

The below method worked perfectly for me (currently Angular 10). It also avoids setting some arbitary filename, instead it gets the filename from the content-disposition header.

this._httpClient.get("api/FileDownload/GetFile", { responseType: 'blob' as 'json', observe: 'response' }).subscribe(response =>  { 
    /* Get filename from Content-Disposition header */
    var filename = "";
    var disposition = response.headers.get('Content-Disposition');
    if (disposition && disposition.indexOf('attachment') !== -1) {
        var filenameRegex = /filename[^;=\n]*=((['"]).*?\2|[^;\n]*)/;
        var matches = filenameRegex.exec(disposition);
        if (matches != null && matches[1]) filename = matches[1].replace(/['"]/g, '');
    }
    // This does the trick
    var a = document.createElement('a');
    a.href = window.URL.createObjectURL(response.body);
    a.download = filename;
    a.dispatchEvent(new MouseEvent('click'));
})

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