How to read a text file from server using JavaScript?

On the server, there is a text file. Using JavaScript on the client, I want to be able to read this file and process it. The format of the file on the server cannot be changed.

How can I get the contents of the file into JavaScript variables, so I can do this processing? The size of the file can be up to 3.5 MB, but it could easily be processed in chunks of, say, 100 lines (1 line is 50-100 chars).

None of the contents of the file should be visible to the user; he will see the results of the processing of the data in the file.

Answers:

Answer

You can use hidden frame, load the file in there and parse its contents.

HTML:

<iframe id="frmFile" src="test.txt" onload="LoadFile();" style="display: none;"></iframe>

JavaScript:

<script type="text/javascript">
function LoadFile() {
    var oFrame = document.getElementById("frmFile");
    var strRawContents = oFrame.contentWindow.document.body.childNodes[0].innerHTML;
    while (strRawContents.indexOf("\r") >= 0)
        strRawContents = strRawContents.replace("\r", "");
    var arrLines = strRawContents.split("\n");
    alert("File " + oFrame.src + " has " + arrLines.length + " lines");
    for (var i = 0; i < arrLines.length; i++) {
        var curLine = arrLines[i];
        alert("Line #" + (i + 1) + " is: '" + curLine + "'");
    }
}
</script>

Note: in order for this to work in Chrome browser, you should start it with the --allow-file-access-from-files flag. credit.

Answer

Loading that giant blob of data is not a great plan, but if you must, here's the outline of how you might do it using jQuery's $.ajax() function.

<html><head>
<script src="jquery.js"></script>
<script>
getTxt = function (){

  $.ajax({
    url:'text.txt',
    success: function (data){
      //parse your data here
      //you can split into lines using data.split('\n') 
      //an use regex functions to effectively parse it
    }
  });
}
</script>
</head><body>
  <button type="button" id="btnGetTxt" onclick="getTxt()">Get Text</button>
</body></html>
Answer

You need to use Ajax, which is basically sending a request to the server, then getting a JSON object, which you convert to a JavaScript object.

Check this:

http://www.w3schools.com/ajax/tryit.asp?filename=tryajax_first

If you are using jQuery library, it can be even easier:

http://api.jquery.com/jQuery.ajax/

Having said this, I highly recommend you don't download a file of 3.5MB into JS! It is not a good idea. Do the processing on your server, then return the data after processing. Then if you want to get a new data, send a new Ajax request, process the request on server, then return the new data.

Hope that helps.

Answer

I used Rafid's suggestion of using AJAX.

This worked for me:

var url = "http://www.example.com/file.json";

var jsonFile = new XMLHttpRequest();
    jsonFile.open("GET",url,true);
    jsonFile.send();

    jsonFile.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (jsonFile.readyState== 4 && jsonFile.status == 200) {
            document.getElementById("id-of-element").innerHTML = jsonFile.responseText;
        }
     }

I basically(almost literally) copied this code from http://www.w3schools.com/ajax/tryit.asp?filename=tryajax_get2 so credit to them for everything.

I dont have much knowledge of how this works but you don't have to know how your brakes work to use them ;)

Hope this helps!

Answer

It looks like XMLHttpRequest has been replaced by the Fetch API. Google published a good introduction that includes this example doing what you want:

fetch('./api/some.json')
  .then(
    function(response) {
      if (response.status !== 200) {
        console.log('Looks like there was a problem. Status Code: ' +
          response.status);
        return;
      }

      // Examine the text in the response
      response.json().then(function(data) {
        console.log(data);
      });
    }
  )
  .catch(function(err) {
    console.log('Fetch Error :-S', err);
  });

However, you probably want to call response.text() instead of response.json().

Answer

I really think your going about this in the wrong manner. Trying to download and parse a +3Mb text file is complete insanity. Why not parse the file on the server side, storing the results viva an ORM to a database(your choice, SQL is good but it also depends on the content key-value data works better on something like CouchDB) then use ajax to parse data on the client end.

Plus, an even better idea would to skip the text file entirely for even better performance if at all possible.

Answer

You need to check for status 0 (as when loading files locally with XMLHttpRequest, you don't get a status and if it is from web server it returns the status)

function readTextFile(file) {
var rawFile = new XMLHttpRequest();
rawFile.open("GET", file, false);
rawFile.onreadystatechange = function ()
{
    if(rawFile.readyState === 4)
    {
        if(rawFile.status === 200 || rawFile.status == 0)
        {
            var allText = rawFile.responseText;
            alert(allText);
        }
    }
}
rawFile.send(null);

}

For device file readuing use this:

readTextFile("file:///C:/your/path/to/file.txt");

For file reading from server use:

readTextFile("http://test/file.txt");

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