How to get element in user-agent shadow root with JavaScript?

I need get elements from Shadow DOM and change it. How i can do it?

<div>
     <input type="range" min="100 $" max="3000 $">
</div>

Answers:

Answer

Here is an example:

var container = document.querySelector('#example');
//Create shadow root !
var root = container.createShadowRoot();
root.innerHTML = '<div>Root<div class="test">Element in shadow</div></div>';

//Access the element inside the shadow !
//"container.shadowRoot" represents the youngest shadow root that is hosted on the element !
console.log(container.shadowRoot.querySelector(".test").innerHTML);

Demo:

var container = document.querySelector('#example');
//Create shadow root !
var root = container.createShadowRoot();
root.innerHTML = '<div>Root<div class="test">Element in shadow</div></div>';

//Access the element inside the shadow !
console.log(container.shadowRoot.querySelector(".test").innerHTML);
<div id="example">Element</div>

I hope this will help you.

Answer

You cannot access a Shadow DOM created by the browser to display a control, that is called a #shadow-root (user-agent) in the Dev Tools. <input> is one example.

You can only access open custom Shadow DOM (the ones that you create yourself), with the { mode: 'open' } option.

element.attachShadow( { mode: 'open' } )

Update

It's true for most UX standard HTML elements: <input>, <video>, <textarea>, <select>, <audio>, etc.

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