How do I parse a URL query parameters, in Javascript? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Use the get paramater of the url in javascript
How can I get query string values in JavaScript?

In Javascript, how can I get the parameters of a URL string (not the current URL)?


Can I get "v" and "p" in a JSON object?



Today (2.5 years after this answer) you can safely use Array.forEach. As @ricosrealm suggests, decodeURIComponent was used in this function.

function getJsonFromUrl(url) {
  if(!url) url =;
  var query = url.substr(1);
  var result = {};
  query.split("&").forEach(function(part) {
    var item = part.split("=");
    result[item[0]] = decodeURIComponent(item[1]);
  return result;

actually it's not that simple, see the peer-review in the comments, especially:

  • hash based routing (@cmfolio)
  • array parameters (@user2368055)
  • proper use of decodeURIComponent and non-encoded = (@AndrewF)
  • non-encoded + (added by me)

For further details, see MDN article and RFC 3986.

Maybe this should go to codereview SE, but here is safer and regexp-free code:

function getJsonFromUrl(url) {
  if(!url) url = location.href;
  var question = url.indexOf("?");
  var hash = url.indexOf("#");
  if(hash==-1 && question==-1) return {};
  if(hash==-1) hash = url.length;
  var query = question==-1 || hash==question+1 ? url.substring(hash) : 
  var result = {};
  query.split("&").forEach(function(part) {
    if(!part) return;
    part = part.split("+").join(" "); // replace every + with space, regexp-free version
    var eq = part.indexOf("=");
    var key = eq>-1 ? part.substr(0,eq) : part;
    var val = eq>-1 ? decodeURIComponent(part.substr(eq+1)) : "";
    var from = key.indexOf("[");
    if(from==-1) result[decodeURIComponent(key)] = val;
    else {
      var to = key.indexOf("]",from);
      var index = decodeURIComponent(key.substring(from+1,to));
      key = decodeURIComponent(key.substring(0,from));
      if(!result[key]) result[key] = [];
      if(!index) result[key].push(val);
      else result[key][index] = val;
  return result;

This function can parse even URLs like

var url = "?foo%20e[]=a%20a&foo+e[%5Bx%5D]=b&foo e[]=c";
// {"foo e": ["a a",  "c",  "[x]":"b"]}

var obj = getJsonFromUrl(url)["foo e"];
for(var key in obj) { // Array.forEach would skip string keys here
  0 : a a
  1 : c
  [x] : b

You could get a JavaScript object containing the parameters with something like this:

var regex = /[?&]([^=#]+)=([^&#]*)/g,
    url = window.location.href,
    params = {},
while(match = regex.exec(url)) {
    params[match[1]] = match[2];

The regular expression could quite likely be improved. It simply looks for name-value pairs, separated by = characters, and pairs themselves separated by & characters (or an = character for the first one). For your example, the above would result in:

{v: "123", p: "hello"}

Here's a working example.

var v = window.location.getParameter('v');
var p = window.location.getParameter('p');

now v and p are objects which have 123 and hello in them respectively


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