Get and Set a Single Cookie with Node.js HTTP Server

I want to be able to set a single cookie, and read that single cookie with each request made to the nodejs server instance. Can it be done in a few lines of code, without the need to pull in a third party lib?

var http = require('http');

http.createServer(function (request, response) {
  response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/plain'});
  response.end('Hello World\n');
}).listen(8124);

console.log('Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8124/');

Just trying to take the above code directly from nodejs.org, and work a cookie into it.

Answers:

Answer

There is no quick function access to getting/setting cookies, so I came up with the following hack:

var http = require('http');

function parseCookies (request) {
    var list = {},
        rc = request.headers.cookie;

    rc && rc.split(';').forEach(function( cookie ) {
        var parts = cookie.split('=');
        list[parts.shift().trim()] = decodeURI(parts.join('='));
    });

    return list;
}


http.createServer(function (request, response) {

  // To Read a Cookie
  var cookies = parseCookies(request);

  // To Write a Cookie
  response.writeHead(200, {
    'Set-Cookie': 'mycookie=test',
    'Content-Type': 'text/plain'
  });
  response.end('Hello World\n');
}).listen(8124);

console.log('Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8124/');

This will store all cookies into the cookies object, and you need to set cookies when you write the head.

Answer

RevNoah had the best answer with the suggestion of using Express's cookie parser. But, that answer is now 3 years old and is out of date.

Using Express, you can read a cookie as follows

var express = require('express');
var cookieParser = require('cookie-parser');
var app = express();
app.use(cookieParser());
app.get('/myapi', function(req, resp) {
   console.log(req.cookies['Your-Cookie-Name-Here']);
})

And update your package.json with the following, substituting the appropriate relatively latest versions.

"dependencies": {
    "express": "4.12.3",
    "cookie-parser": "1.4.0"
  },

More operations like setting and parsing cookies are described here and here

Answer

As an enhancement to @Corey Hart's answer, I've rewritten the parseCookies() using:

Here's the working example:

let http = require('http');

function parseCookies(cookie) {
  let rx = /([^;=\s]*)=([^;]*)/g;
  let obj = { };
  for ( let m ; m = rx.exec(cookie) ; )
    obj[ m[1] ] = decodeURIComponent( m[2] );
  return obj;
}

function stringifyCookies(cookies) {
  let list = [ ];
  for ( [ key, value ] of Object.entries( cookies ) )
    list.push( key + '=' + encodeURIComponent( value ) );
  return list.join( '; ' );
}

http.createServer(function ( request, response ) {
  let cookies = parseCookies( request.headers.cookie );
  console.log( 'Input cookies: ', cookies );
  cookies.search = 'google';
  if ( cookies.counter )
    cookies.counter++;
  else
    cookies.counter = 1;
  console.log( 'Output cookies: ', cookies );
  response.writeHead( 200, {
    'Set-Cookie': stringifyCookies(cookies),
    'Content-Type': 'text/plain'
  } );
  response.end('Hello World\n');
} ).listen(1234);

I also note that the OP uses the http module. If the OP was using restify, he can make use of restify-cookies:

var CookieParser = require('restify-cookies');
var Restify = require('restify');
var server = Restify.createServer();
server.use(CookieParser.parse);
server.get('/', function(req, res, next){
  var cookies = req.cookies; // Gets read-only cookies from the request
  res.setCookie('my-new-cookie', 'Hi There'); // Adds a new cookie to the response
  res.send(JSON.stringify(cookies));
});
server.listen(8080);
Answer

Cookies are transfered through HTTP-Headers
You'll only have to parse the request-headers and put response-headers.

Answer

To get a cookie splitter to work with cookies that have '=' in the cookie values:

var get_cookies = function(request) {
  var cookies = {};
  request.headers && request.headers.cookie.split(';').forEach(function(cookie) {
    var parts = cookie.match(/(.*?)=(.*)$/)
    cookies[ parts[1].trim() ] = (parts[2] || '').trim();
  });
  return cookies;
};

then to get an individual cookie:

get_cookies(request)['my_cookie']
Answer

Here's a neat copy-n-paste patch for managing cookies in node. I'll do this in CoffeeScript, for the beauty.

http = require 'http'

http.IncomingMessage::getCookie = (name) ->
  cookies = {}
  this.headers.cookie && this.headers.cookie.split(';').forEach (cookie) ->
    parts = cookie.split '='
    cookies[parts[0].trim()] = (parts[1] || '').trim()
    return

  return cookies[name] || null

http.IncomingMessage::getCookies = ->
  cookies = {}
  this.headers.cookie && this.headers.cookie.split(';').forEach (cookie) ->
    parts = cookie.split '='
    cookies[parts[0].trim()] = (parts[1] || '').trim()
    return

  return cookies

http.OutgoingMessage::setCookie = (name, value, exdays, domain, path) ->
  cookies = this.getHeader 'Set-Cookie'
  if typeof cookies isnt 'object'
    cookies = []

  exdate = new Date()
  exdate.setDate(exdate.getDate() + exdays);
  cookieText = name+'='+value+';expires='+exdate.toUTCString()+';'
  if domain
    cookieText += 'domain='+domain+';'
  if path
    cookieText += 'path='+path+';'

  cookies.push cookieText
  this.setHeader 'Set-Cookie', cookies
  return

Now you'll be able to handle cookies just as you'd expect:

server = http.createServer (request, response) ->
  #get individually
  cookieValue = request.getCookie 'testCookie'
  console.log 'testCookie\'s value is '+cookieValue

  #get altogether
  allCookies = request.getCookies()
  console.log allCookies

  #set
  response.setCookie 'newCookie', 'cookieValue', 30

  response.end 'I luvs da cookies';
  return

server.listen 8080
Answer
var cookie = 'your_cookie';
var cookie_value;
var i = request.headers.indexOf(cookie+'=');
if (i != -1) {
  var eq = i+cookie.length+1;
  var end = request.headers.indexOf(';', eq);
  cookie_value = request.headers.substring(eq, end == -1 ? undefined : end);
}
Answer

First one needs to create cookie (I have wrapped token inside cookie as an example) and then set it in response.To use the cookie in following way install cookieParser

app.use(cookieParser());

The browser will have it saved in its 'Resource' tab and will be used for every request thereafter taking the initial URL as base

var token = student.generateToken('authentication');
        res.cookie('token', token, {
            expires: new Date(Date.now() + 9999999),
            httpOnly: false
        }).status(200).send();

To get cookie from a request on the server side is easy too.You have to extract the cookie from request by calling 'cookie' property of the request object.

var token = req.cookies.token; // Retrieving Token stored in cookies
Answer

If you're using the express library, as many node.js developers do, there is an easier way. Check the Express.js documentation page for more information.

The parsing example above works but express gives you a nice function to take care of that:

app.use(express.cookieParser());

To set a cookie:

res.cookie('cookiename', 'cookievalue', { maxAge: 900000, httpOnly: true });

To clear the cookie:

res.clearCookie('cookiename');
Answer

You can use the "cookies" npm module, which has a comprehensive set of features.

Documentation and examples at:
https://github.com/jed/cookies

Answer

If you don't care what's in the cookie and you just want to use it, try this clean approach using request (a popular node module):

var request = require('request');
var j = request.jar();
var request = request.defaults({jar:j});
request('http://www.google.com', function () {
  request('http://images.google.com', function (error, response, body){
     // this request will will have the cookie which first request received
     // do stuff
  });
});
Answer

Using Some ES5/6 Sorcery & RegEx Magic

Here is an option to read the cookies and turn them into an object of Key, Value pairs for client side, could also use it server side.

Note: If there is a = in the value, no worries. If there is an = in the key, trouble in paradise.

More Notes: Some may argue readability so break it down as you like.

I Like Notes: Adding an error handler (try catch) wouldn't hurt.

const iLikeCookies = () => {
    return Object.fromEntries(document.cookie.split('; ').map(v => v.split(/=(.+)/))); 
}

const main = () => {
    // Add Test Cookies
    document.cookie = `name=Cookie Monster;expires=false;domain=localhost`
    document.cookie = `likesCookies=yes=withARandomEquals;expires=false;domain=localhost`;

    // Show the Objects
    console.log(document.cookie)
    console.log('The Object:', iLikeCookies())

    // Get a value from key
    console.log(`Username: ${iLikeCookies().name}`)
    console.log(`Enjoys Cookies: ${iLikeCookies().likesCookies}`)
}

enter image description here

What is going on?

iLikeCookies() will split the cookies by ; (space after ;):

["name=Cookie Monster", "likesCookies=yes=withARandomEquals"]

Then we map that array and split by first occurrence of = using regex capturing parens:

[["name", "Cookie Monster"], ["likesCookies", "yes=withARandomEquals"]]

Then use our friend `Object.fromEntries to make this an object of key, val pairs.

Nooice.

Answer

Let me repeat this part of question that answers here are ignoring:

Can it be done in a few lines of code, without the need to pull in a third party lib?


Reading Cookies

Cookies are read from requests with the Cookie header. They only include a name and value. Because of the way paths work, multiple cookies of the same name can be sent. In NodeJS, all Cookies in as one string as they are sent in the Cookie header. You split them with ;. Once you have a cookie, everything to the left of the equals (if present) is the name, and everything after is the value. Some browsers will accept a cookie with no equal sign and presume the name blank. Whitespaces do not count as part of the cookie. Values can also be wrapped in double quotes ("). Values can also contain =. For example, formula=5+3=8 is a valid cookie.

/**
 * @param {string} [cookieString='']
 * @return {[string,string][]} String Tuple
 */
function getEntriesFromCookie(cookieString = '') {
  return cookieString.split(';').map((pair) => {
    const indexOfEquals = pair.indexOf('=');
    let name;
    let value;
    if (indexOfEquals === -1) {
      name = '';
      value = pair.trim();
    } else {
      name = pair.substr(0, indexOfEquals).trim();
      value = pair.substr(indexOfEquals + 1).trim();
    }
    const firstQuote = value.indexOf('"');
    const lastQuote = value.lastIndexOf('"');
    if (firstQuote !== -1 && lastQuote !== -1) {
      value = value.substring(firstQuote + 1, lastQuote);
    }
    return [name, value];
  });
}

const cookieEntries = getEntriesFromCookie(request.headers.Cookie); 
const object = Object.fromEntries(cookieEntries.slice().reverse());

If you're not expecting duplicated names, then you can convert to an object which makes things easier. Then you can access like object.myCookieName to get the value. If you are expecting duplicates, then you want to do iterate through cookieEntries. Browsers feed cookies in descending priority, so reversing ensures the highest priority cookie appears in the object. (The .slice() is to avoid mutation of the array.)


Settings Cookies

"Writing" cookies is done by using the Set-Cookie header in your response. The response.headers['Set-Cookie'] object is actually an array, so you'll be pushing to it. It accepts a string but has more values than just name and value. The hardest part is writing the string, but this can be done in one line.

/**
 * @param {Object} options
 * @param {string} [options.name='']
 * @param {string} [options.value='']
 * @param {Date} [options.expires]
 * @param {number} [options.maxAge]
 * @param {string} [options.domain]
 * @param {string} [options.path]
 * @param {boolean} [options.secure]
 * @param {boolean} [options.httpOnly]
 * @param {'Strict'|'Lax'|'None'} [options.sameSite]
 * @return {string}
 */
function createSetCookie(options) {
  return (`${options.name || ''}=${options.value || ''}`)
    + (options.expires != null ? `; Expires=${options.expires.toUTCString()}` : '')
    + (options.maxAge != null ? `; Max-Age=${options.maxAge}` : '')
    + (options.domain != null ? `; Domain=${options.domain}` : '')
    + (options.path != null ? `; Path=${options.path}` : '')
    + (options.secure ? '; Secure' : '')
    + (options.httpOnly ? '; HttpOnly' : '')
    + (options.sameSite != null ? `; SameSite=${options.sameSite}` : '');
}

const newCookie = createSetCookie({
  name: 'cookieName',
  value: 'cookieValue',
  path:'/',
});
response.headers['Set-Cookie'].push(newCookie);

Remember you can set multiple cookies, because you can actually set multiple Set-Cookie headers in your request. That's why it's an array.


Note on external libraries:

If you decide to use the express, cookie-parser, or cookie, note they have defaults that are non-standard. Cookies parsed are always URI Decoded (percent-decoded). That means if you use a name or value that has any of the following characters: !#$%&'()*+/:<=>[email protected][]^`{|} they will be handled differently with those libraries. If you're setting cookies, they are encoded with %{HEX}. And if you're reading a cookie you have to decode them.

For example, while [email protected] is a valid cookie, these libraries will encode it as email=name%40domain.com. Decoding can exhibit issues if you are using the % in your cookie. It'll get mangled. For example, your cookie that was: secretagentlevel=50%007and50%006 becomes secretagentlevel=507and506. That's an edge case, but something to note if switching libraries.

Also, on these libraries, cookies are set with a default path=/ which means they are sent on every url request to the host.

If you want to encode or decode these values yourself, you can use encodeURIComponent or decodeURIComponent, respectively.


References:


Additional information:

Answer

I wrote this simple function just pass req.headers.cookie and cookie name

const getCookieByName =(cookies,name)=>{
    const arrOfCookies = cookies.split(' ')
    let yourCookie = null

    arrOfCookies.forEach(element => {
        if(element.includes(name)){
            yourCookie = element.replace(name+'=','')
        }
    });
    return yourCookie
}

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