Google Map API v3 — set bounds and center

I've recently switched to Google Maps API V3. I'm working of a simple example which plots markers from an array, however I do not know how to center and zoom automatically with respect to the markers.

I've searched the net high and low, including Google's own documentation, but have not found a clear answer. I know I could simply take an average of the co-ordinates, but how would I set the zoom accordingly?

function initialize() {
  var myOptions = {
    zoom: 10,
    center: new google.maps.LatLng(-33.9, 151.2),


    mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP
  }
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map_canvas"),myOptions);

  setMarkers(map, beaches);
}


var beaches = [
  ['Bondi Beach', -33.890542, 151.274856, 4],
  ['Coogee Beach', -33.423036, 151.259052, 5],
  ['Cronulla Beach', -34.028249, 121.157507, 3],
  ['Manly Beach', -33.80010128657071, 151.28747820854187, 2],
  ['Maroubra Beach', -33.450198, 151.259302, 1]
];

function setMarkers(map, locations) {

  var image = new google.maps.MarkerImage('images/beachflag.png',
      new google.maps.Size(20, 32),
      new google.maps.Point(0,0),
      new google.maps.Point(0, 32));
    var shadow = new google.maps.MarkerImage('images/beachflag_shadow.png',

      new google.maps.Size(37, 32),
      new google.maps.Point(0,0),
      new google.maps.Point(0, 32));


      var lat = map.getCenter().lat(); 
      var lng = map.getCenter().lng();      


  var shape = {
      coord: [1, 1, 1, 20, 18, 20, 18 , 1],
      type: 'poly'
  };
  for (var i = 0; i < locations.length; i++) {
    var beach = locations[i];
    var myLatLng = new google.maps.LatLng(beach[1], beach[2]);
    var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
        position: myLatLng,
        map: map,
        shadow: shadow,
        icon: image,
        shape: shape,
        title: beach[0],
        zIndex: beach[3]
    });
  }
}

Answers:

Answer

Yes, you can declare your new bounds object.

 var bounds = new google.maps.LatLngBounds();

Then for each marker, extend your bounds object:

bounds.extend(myLatLng);
map.fitBounds(bounds);

API: google.maps.LatLngBounds

Answer

Got everything sorted - see the last few lines for code - (bounds.extend(myLatLng); map.fitBounds(bounds);)

function initialize() {
  var myOptions = {
    zoom: 10,
    center: new google.maps.LatLng(0, 0),
    mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP
  }
  var map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map_canvas"),
    myOptions);
  setMarkers(map, beaches);
}

var beaches = [
  ['Bondi Beach', -33.890542, 151.274856, 4],
  ['Coogee Beach', -33.923036, 161.259052, 5],
  ['Cronulla Beach', -36.028249, 153.157507, 3],
  ['Manly Beach', -31.80010128657071, 151.38747820854187, 2],
  ['Maroubra Beach', -33.950198, 151.159302, 1]
];

function setMarkers(map, locations) {
  var image = new google.maps.MarkerImage('images/beachflag.png',
    new google.maps.Size(20, 32),
    new google.maps.Point(0,0),
    new google.maps.Point(0, 32));
  var shadow = new google.maps.MarkerImage('images/beachflag_shadow.png',
    new google.maps.Size(37, 32),
    new google.maps.Point(0,0),
    new google.maps.Point(0, 32));
  var shape = {
    coord: [1, 1, 1, 20, 18, 20, 18 , 1],
    type: 'poly'
  };
  var bounds = new google.maps.LatLngBounds();
  for (var i = 0; i < locations.length; i++) {
    var beach = locations[i];
    var myLatLng = new google.maps.LatLng(beach[1], beach[2]);
    var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
      position: myLatLng,
      map: map,
      shadow: shadow,
      icon: image,
      shape: shape,
      title: beach[0],
      zIndex: beach[3]
    });
    bounds.extend(myLatLng);
  }
  map.fitBounds(bounds);
}
Answer

My suggestion for google maps api v3 would be(don't think it can be done more effeciently):

gmap : {
    fitBounds: function(bounds, mapId)
    {
        //incoming: bounds - bounds object/array; mapid - map id if it was initialized in global variable before "var maps = [];"
        if (bounds==null) return false;
        maps[mapId].fitBounds(bounds);
    }
}

In the result u will fit all points in bounds in your map window.

Example works perfectly and u freely can check it here www.zemelapis.lt

Answer

The answers are perfect for adjust map boundaries for markers but if you like to expand Google Maps boundaries for shapes like polygons and circles, you can use following codes:

For Circles

bounds.union(circle.getBounds());

For Polygons

polygon.getPaths().forEach(function(path, index)
{
    var points = path.getArray();
    for(var p in points) bounds.extend(points[p]);
});

For Rectangles

bounds.union(overlay.getBounds());

For Polylines

var path = polyline.getPath();

var slat, blat = path.getAt(0).lat();
var slng, blng = path.getAt(0).lng();

for(var i = 1; i < path.getLength(); i++)
{
    var e = path.getAt(i);
    slat = ((slat < e.lat()) ? slat : e.lat());
    blat = ((blat > e.lat()) ? blat : e.lat());
    slng = ((slng < e.lng()) ? slng : e.lng());
    blng = ((blng > e.lng()) ? blng : e.lng());
}

bounds.extend(new google.maps.LatLng(slat, slng));
bounds.extend(new google.maps.LatLng(blat, blng));
Answer

The setCenter() method is still applicable for latest version of Maps API for Flash where fitBounds() does not exist.

Answer

Use below one,

map.setCenter(bounds.getCenter(), map.getBoundsZoomLevel(bounds));

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