Does C# have an equivalent to JavaScript's encodeURIComponent()?

In JavaScript:

encodeURIComponent("©?") == "%C2%A9%E2%88%9A"

Is there an equivalent for C# applications? For escaping HTML characters I used:

txtOut.Text = Regex.Replace(txtIn.Text, @"[\u0080-\uFFFF]",
    m => @"&#" + ((int)m.Value[0]).ToString() + ";");

But I'm not sure how to convert the match to the correct hexadecimal format that JS uses. For example this code:

txtOut.Text = Regex.Replace(txtIn.Text, @"[\u0080-\uFFFF]",
    m => @"%" + String.Format("{0:x}", ((int)m.Value[0])));

Returns "%a9%221a" for "©?" instead of "%C2%A9%E2%88%9A". It looks like I need to split the string up into bytes or something.

Edit: This is for a windows app, the only items available in System.Web are: AspNetHostingPermission, AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute, and AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.

Answers:

Answer

Uri.EscapeDataString or HttpUtility.UrlEncode is the correct way to escape a string meant to be part of a URL.

Take for example the string "Stack Overflow":

  • HttpUtility.UrlEncode("Stack Overflow") --> "Stack+Overflow"

  • Uri.EscapeUriString("Stack Overflow") --> "Stack%20Overflow"

  • Uri.EscapeDataString("Stack + Overflow") --> Also encodes "+" to "%2b" ---->Stack%20%2B%20%20Overflow

Only the last is correct when used as an actual part of the URL (as opposed to the value of one of the query string parameters)

Answer

HttpUtility.HtmlEncode / Decode
HttpUtility.UrlEncode / Decode

You can add a reference to the System.Web assembly if it's not available in your project

Answer

I tried to do full compatible analog of javascript's encodeURIComponent for c# and after my 4 hour experiments I found this

c# CODE:

string a = "[email protected]#$%^&*()_+ some text here ??? ??????? ????";
a = System.Web.HttpUtility.UrlEncode(a);
a = a.Replace("+", "%20");

the result is: !%40%23%24%25%5e%26*()_%2b%20some%20text%20here%20%d0%b0%d0%bb%d0%b8%20%d0%bc%d0%b0%d0%bc%d0%b5%d0%b4%d0%be%d0%b2%20%d0%b1%d0%b0%d0%ba%d1%83

After you decode It with Javascript's decodeURLComponent();

you will get this: [email protected]#$%^&*()_+ some text here ??? ??????? ????

Thank You for attention

Answer

System.Uri.EscapeUriString() didn't seem to do anything, but System.Uri.EscapeDataString() worked for me.

Answer

Try Server.UrlEncode(), or System.Web.HttpUtility.UrlEncode() for instances when you don't have access to the Server object. You can also use System.Uri.EscapeUriString() to avoid adding a reference to the System.Web assembly.

Answer

For a Windows Store App, you won't have HttpUtility. Instead, you have:

For an URI, before the '?':

  • System.Uri.EscapeUriString("example.com/Stack Overflow++?")
    • -> "example.com/Stack%20Overflow++?"

For an URI query name or value, after the '?':

  • System.Uri.EscapeDataString("Stack Overflow++")
    • -> "Stack%20Overflow%2B%2B"

For a x-www-form-urlencoded query name or value, in a POST content:

  • System.Net.WebUtility.UrlEncode("Stack Overflow++")
    • -> "Stack+Overflow%2B%2B"
Answer

You can use the Server object in the System.Web namespace

Server.UrlEncode, Server.UrlDecode, Server.HtmlEncode, and Server.HtmlDecode.

Edit: poster added that this was a windows application and not a web one as one would believe. The items listed above would be available from the HttpUtility class inside System.Web which must be added as a reference to the project.

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