jasmine: Async callback was not invoked within timeout specified by jasmine.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_INTERVAL

I have an angular service called requestNotificationChannel:

app.factory("requestNotificationChannel", function($rootScope) {

    var _DELETE_MESSAGE_ = "_DELETE_MESSAGE_";

    function deleteMessage(id, index) {
        $rootScope.$broadcast(_DELETE_MESSAGE_, { id: id, index: index });
    };

    return {
       deleteMessage: deleteMessage
    };

});

I am trying to unit test this service using jasmine:

"use strict";

describe("Request Notification Channel", function() {
    var requestNotificationChannel, rootScope, scope;

    beforeEach(function(_requestNotificationChannel_) {
        module("messageAppModule");

        inject(function($injector, _requestNotificationChannel_) {
            rootScope = $injector.get("$rootScope");
            scope = rootScope.$new();
            requestNotificationChannel = _requestNotificationChannel_;
        })

        spyOn(rootScope, '$broadcast');
    });


    it("should broadcast delete message notification", function(done) {

        requestNotificationChannel.deleteMessage(1, 4);
        expect(rootScope.$broadcast).toHaveBeenCalledWith("_DELETE_MESSAGE_", { id: 1, index: 4 });
        done();       
    });
});

I read about the Asynchronous Support in Jasmine, but as I am rather new to unit testing with javascript couldn't make it work.

I am receiving an error :

Async callback was not invoked within timeout specified by jasmine.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_INTERVAL

and my test is taking too long to execute (about 5s).

Can somebody help me providing working example of my code with some explanation?

Answers:

Answer

Having an argument in your it function (done in the code below) will cause Jasmine to attempt an async call.

//this block signature will trigger async behavior.
it("should work", function(done){
  //...
});

//this block signature will run synchronously
it("should work", function(){
  //...
});

It doesn't make a difference what the done argument is named, its existence is all that matters. I ran into this issue from too much copy/pasta.

The Jasmine Asynchronous Support docs note that argument (named done above) is a callback that can be called to let Jasmine know when an asynchronous function is complete. If you never call it, Jasmine will never know your test is done and will eventually timeout.

Answer

Even for async tests, there is a timeout that goes off in this cases, You can work around this error by increasing the value for the limit timeout to evaluate an async Jasmine callback

describe('Helper', function () {
    var originalTimeout;

    beforeEach(function() {
        originalTimeout = jasmine.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_INTERVAL;
        jasmine.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_INTERVAL = 1000000;
    });

    afterEach(function() {
      jasmine.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_INTERVAL = originalTimeout;
    });

    it('Template advance', function(doneFn) {
        $.ajax({
            url: 'public/your-end-point.mock.json',
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function (data, response) {
                // Here your expected using data
                expect(1).toBe(1)
                doneFn();
            },
            error: function (data, response) {
                // Here your expected using data
                expect(1).toBe(1)
                doneFn();
            }
        });
    });
});

Source: http://jasmine.github.io/2.0/introduction.html#section-42

Answer
import { fakeAsync, ComponentFixture, TestBed } from '@angular/core/testing';

use fakeAsync

beforeEach(fakeAsync (() => {

//your code

}));



describe('Intilalize', () => {
        it('should have a defined component', fakeAsync(() => {
            createComponent();
            expect(_AddComponent.ngOnInit).toBeDefined();
        }));
    });
Answer

This error started out of the blue for me, on a test that had always worked. I couldn't find any suggestions that helped until I noticed my Macbook was running sluggishly. I noticed the CPU was pegged by another process, which I killed. The Jasmine async error disappeared and my tests are fine once again.

Don't ask me why, I don't know. But in my circumstance it seemed to be a lack of system resources at fault.

Answer

You also get this error when expecting something in the beforeAll function!

describe('...', function () {

    beforeAll(function () {
        ...

        expect(element(by.css('[id="title"]')).isDisplayed()).toBe(true);
    });

    it('should successfully ...', function () {

    }
}
Answer

In my case, this error was caused by improper use of "fixture.detectChanges()" It seems this method is an event listener (async) which will only respond a callback when changes are detected. If no changes are detected it will not invoke the callback, resulting in a timeout error. Hope this helps :)

Answer

Works after removing the scope reference and the function arguments:

"use strict";

describe("Request Notification Channel", function() {
    var requestNotificationChannel, rootScope;

    beforeEach(function() {
        module("messageAppModule");

        inject(function($injector, _requestNotificationChannel_) {
            rootScope = $injector.get("$rootScope");
            requestNotificationChannel = _requestNotificationChannel_;
        })
        spyOn(rootScope, "$broadcast");
    });


    it("should broadcast delete message notification with provided params", function() {
        requestNotificationChannel.deleteMessage(1, 4);
        expect(rootScope.$broadcast).toHaveBeenCalledWith("_DELETE_MESSAGE_", { id: 1, index: 4} );
    });
});
Answer

What I did was: Added/Updated the following code:

framework: 'jasmine',
jasmineNodeOpts: 
{
    // Jasmine default timeout
    defaultTimeoutInterval: 60000,
    expectationResultHandler(passed, assertion) 
    {
      // do something
    },
}
Answer

jasmine.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_INTERVAL = 100000;

Keeping this in the block solved my issue.

it('', () => {
 jasmine.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_INTERVAL = 100000;
});
Answer

If you have an argument (done) in the it function try to remove it as well it's call within the function itself:

it("should broadcast delete message notification", function(/*done -> YOU SHOULD REMOVE IT */) {

    requestNotificationChannel.deleteMessage(1, 4);
    expect(rootScope.$broadcast).toHaveBeenCalledWith("_DELETE_MESSAGE_", { id: 1, index: 4 });
    // done(); -> YOU SHOULD REMOVE IT        
});
Answer

This error can also be caused by leaving out inject when initializing a service/factory or whatever. For example, it can be thrown by doing this:

var service;
beforeEach(function(_TestService_) {
    service = _TestService_;
});

To fix it just wrap the function with inject to properly retrieve the service:

var service;
beforeEach(inject(function(_TestService_) {
    service = _TestService_;
}));
Answer

This is more of an observation than an answer, but it may help others who were as frustrated as I was.

I kept getting this error from two tests in my suite. I thought I had simply broken the tests with the refactoring I was doing, so after backing out changes didn't work, I reverted to earlier code, twice (two revisions back) thinking it'd get rid of the error. Doing so changed nothing. I chased my tail all day yesterday, and part of this morning without resolving the issue.

I got frustrated and checked out the code onto a laptop this morning. Ran the entire test suite (about 180 tests), no errors. So the errors were never in the code or tests. Went back to my dev box and rebooted it to clear anything in memory that might have been causing the issue. No change, same errors on the same two tests. So I deleted the directory from my machine, and checked it back out. Voila! No errors.

No idea what caused it, or how to fix it, but deleting the working directory and checking it back out fixed whatever it was.

Hope this helps someone.

Answer

You can use karma-jasmine plugin to set the default time out interval globally.

Add this config in karma.conf.js

module.exports = function(config) {
  config.set({
    client: {
      jasmine: {
        timeoutInterval: 10000
      }
    }
  })
}
Answer

Instead of

beforeEach(() => {..

use

beforeEach(fakeAsync(() => {..
Answer

As noted by @mastablasta, but also to add that if you call the 'done' argument or rather name it completed you just call the callback completed() in your test when it's done.

// this block signature will trigger async behavior.
it("should work", function(done){
  // do stuff and then call done...
  done();
});

// this block signature will run synchronously
it("should work", function(){
  //...
});
Answer

Don't use done, just leave the function call empty.

Answer

It looks like the test is waiting for some callback that never comes. It's likely because the test is not executed with asynchronous behavior.

First, see if just using fakeAsync in your "it" scenario:

it('should do something', fakeAsync(() => {

You can also use flush() to wait for the microTask queue to finish or tick() to wait a specified amount of time.

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