How to split a long array into smaller arrays, with JavaScript

I have an array of e-mails (it can be just 1 email, or 100 emails), and I need to send the array with an ajax request (that I know how to do), but I can only send an array that has 10 or less e-mails in it. So if there is an original array of 20 e-mails I will need to split them up into 2 arrays of 10 each. or if there are 15 e-mails in the original array, then 1 array of 10, and another array of 5. I'm using jQuery, what would be the best way to do this?

Answers:

Answer

Don't use jquery...use plain javascript

var a = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15];

var b = a.splice(0,10);

//a is now [11,12,13,14,15];
//b is now [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10];

You could loop this to get the behavior you want.

var a = YOUR_ARRAY;
while(a.length) {
    console.log(a.splice(0,10));
}

This would give you 10 elements at a time...if you have say 15 elements, you would get 1-10, the 11-15 as you wanted.

Answer
var size = 10; var arrayOfArrays = [];
for (var i=0; i<bigarray.length; i+=size) {
     arrayOfArrays.push(bigarray.slice(i,i+size));
}
console.log(arrayOfArrays);

Unlike splice(), slice() is non-destructive to the original array.

Answer

Just loop over the array, splicing it until it's all consumed.



var a = ['a','b','c','d','e','f','g']
  , chunk

while (a.length > 0) {

  chunk = a.splice(0,3)

  console.log(chunk)

}

output


[ 'a', 'b', 'c' ]
[ 'd', 'e', 'f' ]
[ 'g' ]

Answer

Assuming you don't want to destroy the original array, you can use code like this to break up the long array into smaller arrays which you can then iterate over:

var longArray = [];   // assume this has 100 or more email addresses in it
var shortArrays = [], i, len;

for (i = 0, len = longArray.length; i < len; i += 10) {
    shortArrays.push(longArray.slice(i, i + 10));
}

// now you can iterate over shortArrays which is an 
// array of arrays where each array has 10 or fewer 
// of the original email addresses in it

for (i = 0, len = shortArrays.length; i < len; i++) {
    // shortArrays[i] is an array of email addresss of 10 or less
}
Answer

As a supplement to @jyore's answer, and in case you still want to keep the original array:

var originalArray = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8];

var splitArray = function (arr, size) {

  var arr2 = arr.slice(0),
      arrays = [];

  while (arr2.length > 0) {
      arrays.push(arr2.splice(0, size));
  }

  return arrays;
}

splitArray(originalArray, 2);
// originalArray is still = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8];
Answer

Another method:

var longArray = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10];
var size = 2;

var newArray = new Array(Math.ceil(longArray.length / size)).fill("")
    .map(function() { return this.splice(0, size) }, longArray.slice());

// newArray = [[1, 2], [3, 4], [5, 6], [7, 8], [9, 10]];

This doesn't affect the original array as a copy, made using slice, is passed into the 'this' argument of map.

Answer

Array.reduce could be inefficient for large arrays, especially with the mod operator. I think a cleaner (and possibly easier to read) functional solution would be this:

const chunkArray = (arr, size) =>
  arr.length > size
    ? [arr.slice(0, size), ...chunkArray(arr.slice(size), size)]
    : [arr];
Answer

More compact:

const chunk = (xs, size) =>
  xs.map((_, i) =>
    (i % size === 0 ? xs.slice(i, i + size) : null)).filter(Boolean);
    
// Usage:
const sampleArray = new Array(33).fill(undefined).map((_, i) => i);

console.log(chunk(sampleArray, 5));

Answer

If you want a method that doesn't modify the existing array, try this:

let oldArray = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15];
let newArray = [];
let size = 3; // Size of chunks you are after
let j = 0; // This helps us keep track of the child arrays

for (var i = 0; i < oldArray.length; i++) {
  if (i % size === 0) {
    j++
  }
  if(!newArray[j]) newArray[j] = [];
  newArray[j].push(oldArray[i])
}
Answer

You can use lodash: https://lodash.com/docs

_.chunk(['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'], 2);
// ? [['a', 'b'], ['c', 'd']]
Answer

Another implementation:

const arr = ["H", "o", "w", " ", "t", "o", " ", "s", "p", "l", "i", "t", " ", "a", " ", "l", "o", "n", "g", " ", "a", "r", "r", "a", "y", " ", "i", "n", "t", "o", " ", "s", "m", "a", "l", "l", "e", "r", " ", "a", "r", "r", "a", "y", "s", ",", " ", "w", "i", "t", "h", " ", "J", "a", "v", "a", "S", "c", "r", "i", "p", "t"];

const size = 3; 
const res = arr.reduce((acc, curr, i) => {
  if ( !(i % size)  ) {    // if index is 0 or can be divided by the `size`...
    acc.push(arr.slice(i, i + size));   // ..push a chunk of the original array to the accumulator
  }
  return acc;
}, []);

// => [["H", "o", "w"], [" ", "t", "o"], [" ", "s", "p"], ["l", "i", "t"], [" ", "a", " "], ["l", "o", "n"], ["g", " ", "a"], ["r", "r", "a"], ["y", " ", "i"], ["n", "t", "o"], [" ", "s", "m"], ["a", "l", "l"], ["e", "r", " "], ["a", "r", "r"], ["a", "y", "s"], [",", " ", "w"], ["i", "t", "h"], [" ", "J", "a"], ["v", "a", "S"], ["c", "r", "i"], ["p", "t"]]

NB - This does not modify the original array.

Or, if you prefer a functional, immutable and self-contained method:

function splitBy(size, list) {
  return list.reduce((acc, curr, i, self) => {
    if ( !(i % size)  ) {  
      return [
          ...acc,
          self.slice(i, i + size),
        ];
    }
    return acc;
  }, []);
}
Answer

I would like to share my solution as well. It's a little bit more verbose but works as well.

var data = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15];

var chunksize = 4;


var chunks = [];

data.forEach((item)=>{
  if(!chunks.length || chunks[chunks.length-1].length == chunksize)
  chunks.push([]);

  chunks[chunks.length-1].push(item);
});

console.log(chunks);

Output (formatted):

[ [ 1,  2,  3,  4],
  [ 5,  6,  7,  8],
  [ 9, 10, 11, 12],
  [13, 14, 15    ] ]
Answer

Another implementation, using Array.reduce (I think it’s the only one missing!):

const splitArray = (arr, size) =>
{
    if (size === 0) {
        return [];
    }

    return arr.reduce((split, element, index) => {
        index % size === 0 ? split.push([element]) : split[Math.floor(index / size)].push(element);
        return split;
    }, []);
};

As many solutions above, this one’s non-destructive. Returning an empty array when the size is 0 is just a convention. If the if block is omitted you get an error, which might be what you want.

Answer

You can take a look at this code . Simple and Effective .

function chunkArrayInGroups(array, unit) {
var results = [],
length = Math.ceil(array.length / unit);

for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    results.push(array.slice(i * unit, (i + 1) * unit));
}
 return results;
}

chunkArrayInGroups(["a", "b", "c", "d"], 2);
Answer

Here is a simple one liner

var segment = (arr, n) => arr.reduce((r,e,i) => i%n ? (r[r.length-1].push(e), r)
                                                    : (r.push([e]), r), []),
        arr = Array.from({length: 31}).map((_,i) => i+1);
console.log(segment(arr,7));

Answer
function chunkArrayInGroups(arr, size) {
    var newArr=[];

    for (var i=0; arr.length>size; i++){
    newArr.push(arr.splice(0,size));
    }
    newArr.push(arr.slice(0));
    return newArr;

}

chunkArrayInGroups([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], 3);
Answer
function chunkArrayInGroups(arr, size) {
    var newArr=[];

    for (var i=0; i < arr.length; i+= size){
    newArr.push(arr.slice(i,i+size));
    }
    return newArr;

}

chunkArrayInGroups([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], 3);
Answer

as a function

var arrayChunk = function (array, chunkSize) {
            var arrayOfArrays = [];

            if (array.length <= chunkSize) {
                arrayOfArrays.push(array);
            } else {
                for (var i=0; i<array.length; i+=chunkSize) {
                    arrayOfArrays.push(array.slice(i,i+chunkSize));
                }
            }
            return arrayOfArrays;
        }

to use

arrayChunk(originalArray, 10) //10 being the chunk size.
Answer

using recursion

let myArr = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16];
let size = 4; //Math.sqrt(myArr.length); --> For a n x n matrix
let tempArr = [];
function createMatrix(arr, i) {
    if (arr.length !== 0) {
      if(i % size == 0) {
        tempArr.push(arr.splice(0,size))
      } 
      createMatrix(arr, i - 1)
    }
}
createMatrix(myArr, myArr.length);
console.log(tempArr);

Note: The existing array i.e. myArr will be modified.

Answer

using prototype we can set directly to array class

Array.prototype.chunk = function(n) {
  if (!this.length) {
    return [];
  }
  return [this.slice(0, n)].concat(this.slice(n).chunk(n));
};
console.log([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15].chunk(5));

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