Keep overflow div scrolled to bottom unless user scrolls up

I have a div that is only 300 pixels big and I want it to when the page loads scroll to the bottom of the content. This div has content dynamically added to it and needs to stay scrolled all the way down. Now if the user decides to scroll up I don't want it to jump back to the bottom until the user scrolls all the way down again

Is it possible to have a div that will stay scrolled to the bottom unless the user scrolls up and when the user scrolls back to the bottom it needs to keep itself at the bottom even when new dynamic content is added. How would I go bout creating this.

Answers:

Answer
$('#div1').scrollTop($('#div1')[0].scrollHeight);

Or animated:

$("#div1").animate({ scrollTop: $('#div1')[0].scrollHeight}, 1000);
Answer
$('#yourDivID').animate({ scrollTop: $(document).height() }, "slow");
return false;

This will calculate the ScrollTop Position from the height of #yourDivID using the $(document).height() property so that even if dynamic contents are added to the div the scroller will always be at the bottom position. Hope this helps. But it also has a small bug even if we scroll up and leaves the mouse pointer from the scroller it will automatically come to the bottom position. If somebody could correct that also it will be nice.

Answer
//Make sure message list is scrolled to the bottom
var container = $('#MessageWindowContent')[0];
var containerHeight = container.clientHeight;
var contentHeight = container.scrollHeight;

container.scrollTop = contentHeight - containerHeight;

Here is my version based on dotnetCarpenter's answer. My approach is a pure jQuery and I named the variables to make things a bit clearer.. What is happening is if the content height is greater then the container we scroll the extra distance down to achieve the desired result.

Works in IE and chrome..

Answer

Jim Hall's answer is preferrable because while it indeed does not scroll to the bottom when you're scrolled up, it is also pure CSS.

Very much unfortunately however, this is not a stable solution: In chrome (possibly due to the 1-px-issue described by dotnetCarpenter above), scrollTop behaves inaccurately by 1 pixel, even without user interaction (upon element add). You can set scrollTop = scrollHeight - clientHeight, but that will keep the div in position when another element is added, aka the "keep itself at bottom" feature is not working anymore.

So, in short, adding a small amount of Javascript (sigh) will fix this and fulfill all requirements:

Something like https://codepen.io/anon/pen/pdrLEZ this (example by Coo), and after adding an element to the list, also the following:

container = ...
if(container.scrollHeight - container.clientHeight - container.scrollTop <= 29) {
    container.scrollTop = container.scrollHeight - container.clientHeight;
}

where 29 is the height of one line.

So, when the user scrolls up half a line (if that is even possible?), the Javascript will ignore it and scroll to the bottom. But I guess this is neglectible. And, it fixes the Chrome 1 px thingy.

Answer

Here is how I approached it. My div height is 650px. I decided that if the scroll height is within 150px of the bottom then auto scroll it. Else, leave it for the user.

if (container_block.scrollHeight - container_block.scrollTop < 800) {
                    container_block.scrollTo(0, container_block.scrollHeight);
}
Answer

This might help you:

var element = document.getElementById("yourDivID");
element.scrollTop = element.scrollHeight;

[EDIT], to match the comment...

function updateScroll(){
    var element = document.getElementById("yourDivID");
    element.scrollTop = element.scrollHeight;
}

whenever content is added, call the function updateScroll(), or set a timer:

//once a second
setInterval(updateScroll,1000);

if you want to update ONLY if the user didn't move:

var scrolled = false;
function updateScroll(){
    if(!scrolled){
        var element = document.getElementById("yourDivID");
        element.scrollTop = element.scrollHeight;
    }
}

$("#yourDivID").on('scroll', function(){
    scrolled=true;
});
Answer

I just implemented this and perhaps you can use my approach.

Say we have the following HTML:

<div id="out" style="overflow:auto"></div>

Then we can check if it scrolled to the bottom with:

var out = document.getElementById("out");
// allow 1px inaccuracy by adding 1
var isScrolledToBottom = out.scrollHeight - out.clientHeight <= out.scrollTop + 1;

scrollHeight gives you the height of the element, including any non visible area due to overflow. clientHeight gives you the CSS height or said in another way, the actual height of the element. Both methods returns the height without margin, so you needn't worry about that. scrollTop gives you the position of the vertical scroll. 0 is top and max is the scrollHeight of the element minus the element height itself. When using the scrollbar it can be difficult (it was in Chrome for me) to get the scrollbar all the way down to the bottom. so I threw in a 1px inaccuracy. So isScrolledToBottom will be true even if the scrollbar is 1px from the bottom. You can set this to whatever feels right to you.

Then it's simply a matter of setting the scrollTop of the element to the bottom.

if(isScrolledToBottom)
    out.scrollTop = out.scrollHeight - out.clientHeight;

I have made a fiddle for you to show the concept: http://jsfiddle.net/dotnetCarpenter/KpM5j/

EDIT: Added code snippet to clarify when isScrolledToBottom is true.

Stick scrollbar to bottom

const out = document.getElementById("out")
let c = 0

setInterval(function() {
    // allow 1px inaccuracy by adding 1
    const isScrolledToBottom = out.scrollHeight - out.clientHeight <= out.scrollTop + 1

    const newElement = document.createElement("div")

    newElement.textContent = format(c++, 'Bottom position:', out.scrollHeight - out.clientHeight,  'Scroll position:', out.scrollTop)

    out.appendChild(newElement)

    // scroll to bottom if isScrolledToBottom is true
    if (isScrolledToBottom) {
      out.scrollTop = out.scrollHeight - out.clientHeight
    }
}, 500)

function format () {
  return Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments).join(' ')
}
#out {
    height: 100px;
}
<div id="out" style="overflow:auto"></div>
<p>To be clear: We want the scrollbar to stick to the bottom if we have scrolled all the way down. If we scroll up, then we don't want the content to move.
</p>

Answer

I was able to get this working with CSS only.

The trick is to use display: flex; and flex-direction: column-reverse;

The browser treats the bottom like its the top. Assuming the browsers you're targeting support flex-box, the only caveat is that the markup has to be in reverse order.

Here is a working example. https://codepen.io/jimbol/pen/YVJzBg

Answer
$('#yourDiv').scrollTop($('#yourDiv')[0].scrollHeight);

Live demo: http://jsfiddle.net/KGfG2/

Answer

.cont{
height: 100px;
overflow-x: hidden;
overflow-y: auto;
transform: rotate(180deg);
direction:rtl;
text-align:left;
}
ul{
overflow: hidden;
transform: rotate(180deg);
}
<div class="cont"> 
 <ul>
   <li>0</li>
   <li>1</li>
   <li>2</li>
   <li>3</li>
   <li>4</li>
   <li>5</li>
   <li>6</li>
   <li>7</li>
   <li>8</li>
   <li>9</li>
   <li>10</li>  
 </ul>
</div>

  1. Run code snippet to see the effect. (PS: If Run code snippet is not working, try this: https://jsfiddle.net/Yeshen/xm2yLksu/3/ )

  2. How it work:

Default overflow is scroll from top to bottom.

transform: rotate(180deg) can make it scroll or load dynamic block from bottom to top.

  1. Original idea:

https://blog.csdn.net/yeshennet/article/details/88880252

Answer

Here's a solution based on a blog post by Ryan Hunt. It depends on the overflow-anchor CSS property, which pins the scrolling position to an element at the bottom of the scrolled content.

const messages = [
  'Expect rain today.',
  'Tomorrow will be sunny.',
  'Snow is coming next week.',
  'Hailstorms are imminent.',
];

function addMessage() {
  const $message = document.createElement('div');
  $message.className = 'message';
  $message.innerText = messages[(Math.random() * messages.length) | 0];
  $messages.insertBefore($message, $anchor);

  // Trigger the scroll pinning when the scroller overflows
  if (!overflowing) {
    overflowing = isOverflowing($scroller);
    $scroller.scrollTop = $scroller.scrollHeight;
  }
}

function isOverflowing($el) {
  return $el.scrollHeight > $el.clientHeight;
}

const $scroller = document.querySelector('.scroller');
const $messages = document.querySelector('.messages');
const $anchor = document.querySelector('.anchor');
let overflowing = false;

setInterval(addMessage, 1000);
.scroller {
  overflow: auto;
  height: 90vh;
  max-height: 11em;
  background: #555;
}

.messages > * {
  overflow-anchor: none;
}

.anchor {
  overflow-anchor: auto;
  height: 1px;
}

.message {
  margin: .3em;
  padding: .5em;
  background: #eee;
}
<section class="scroller">
  <div class="messages">
    <div class="anchor"></div>
  </div>
</section>

Note that overflow-anchor doesn't currently work in Safari or Edge, so this solution doesn't currently work in all browsers.

Answer

You can use something like this,

var element = document.getElementById("yourDivID");
window.scrollTo(0,element.offsetHeight);
Answer

In 2020, you can use css snap, but before Chrome 81 the layout change will not trigger re-snap, a pure css chat ui works on Chrome 81, also you can check Can I use CSS snap.

This demo will snap the last element if visible, scroll to bottom to see the effect.

.container {
  overflow-y: scroll;
  overscroll-behavior-y: contain;
  scroll-snap-type: y mandatory;
}

.container > div > div:last-child {
  scroll-snap-align: end;
}

.container > div > div {
  background: lightgray;
  height: 3rem;
  font-size: 1.5rem;
}
.container > div > div:nth-child(2n) {
  background: gray;
}
<div class="container" style="height:6rem">
<div>
<div>1</div>
<div>2</div>
<div>3</div>
<div>4</div>
<div>5</div>
</div>
</div>

enter image description here

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