How to perform a real time search and filter on a HTML table

I've been Googling and searching Stack Overflow for a while, but I just can't get around this problem.

I have a standard HTML table, containing, say, fruit. Like so:

<table>
   <tr>
      <td>Apple</td>
      <td>Green</td>
   </tr>
   <tr>
      <td>Grapes</td>
      <td>Green</td>
   </tr>
   <tr>
      <td>Orange</td>
      <td>Orange</td>
   </tr>
</table>

Above this I have a text box, which I would like to search the table as a user types. So, if they type Gre for example, the Orange row of the table would disapear, leaving the Apple and Grapes. If they carried on and typed Green Gr the Apple row should disapear, leaving just grapes. I hope this is clear.

And, should the user delete some or all of their query from the text box, I should like all of the rows that now match the query to reappear.

While I know how to remove a table row in jQuery, I have little idea about how to go about doing the search and removing rows selectively based on this. Is there a simple solution to this? Or a plugin?

If anyone could point me in the right direction it would be brilliant.

Thank you.

Answers:

Answer

I created these examples.

Simple indexOf search

var $rows = $('#table tr');
$('#search').keyup(function() {
    var val = $.trim($(this).val()).replace(/ +/g, ' ').toLowerCase();

    $rows.show().filter(function() {
        var text = $(this).text().replace(/\s+/g, ' ').toLowerCase();
        return !~text.indexOf(val);
    }).hide();
});

Demo: http://jsfiddle.net/7BUmG/2/

Regular expression search

More advanced functionality using regular expressions will allow you to search words in any order in the row. It will work the same if you type apple green or green apple:

var $rows = $('#table tr');
$('#search').keyup(function() {

    var val = '^(?=.*\\b' + $.trim($(this).val()).split(/\s+/).join('\\b)(?=.*\\b') + ').*$',
        reg = RegExp(val, 'i'),
        text;

    $rows.show().filter(function() {
        text = $(this).text().replace(/\s+/g, ' ');
        return !reg.test(text);
    }).hide();
});

Demo: http://jsfiddle.net/dfsq/7BUmG/1133/

Debounce

When you implement table filtering with search over multiple rows and columns it is very important that you consider performance and search speed/optimisation. Simply saying you should not run search function on every single keystroke, it's not necessary. To prevent filtering to run too often you should debounce it. Above code example will become:

$('#search').keyup(debounce(function() {
    var val = $.trim($(this).val()).replace(/ +/g, ' ').toLowerCase();
    // etc...
}, 300));

You can pick any debounce implementation, for example from Lodash _.debounce, or you can use something very simple like I use in next demos (debounce from here): http://jsfiddle.net/7BUmG/6230/ and http://jsfiddle.net/7BUmG/6231/.

Answer

i have an jquery plugin for this. It uses jquery-ui also. You can see an example here http://jsfiddle.net/tugrulorhan/fd8KB/1/

$("#searchContainer").gridSearch({
            primaryAction: "search",
            scrollDuration: 0,
            searchBarAtBottom: false,
            customScrollHeight: -35,
            visible: {
                before: true,
                next: true,
                filter: true,
                unfilter: true
            },
            textVisible: {
                before: true,
                next: true,
                filter: true,
                unfilter: true
            },
            minCount: 2
        });
Answer

Thank you @dfsq for the very helpful code!

I've made some adjustments and maybe some others like them too. I ensured that you can search for multiple words, without having a strict match.

Example rows:

  • Apples and Pears
  • Apples and Bananas
  • Apples and Oranges
  • ...

You could search for 'ap pe' and it would recognise the first row
You could search for 'banana apple' and it would recognise the second row

Demo: http://jsfiddle.net/JeroenSormani/xhpkfwgd/1/

var $rows = $('#table tr');
$('#search').keyup(function() {
  var val = $.trim($(this).val()).replace(/ +/g, ' ').toLowerCase().split(' ');

  $rows.hide().filter(function() {
    var text = $(this).text().replace(/\s+/g, ' ').toLowerCase();
    var matchesSearch = true;
    $(val).each(function(index, value) {
      matchesSearch = (!matchesSearch) ? false : ~text.indexOf(value);
    });
    return matchesSearch;
  }).show();
});
Answer

I found dfsq's answer its comments extremely useful. I made some minor modifications applicable to me (and I'm posting it here, in case it is of some use to others).

  1. Using class as hooks, instead of table elements tr
  2. Searching/comparing text within a child class while showing/hiding parent
  3. Making it more efficient by storing the $rows text elements into an array only once (and avoiding $rows.length times computation)

var $rows = $('.wrapper');
var rowsTextArray = [];

var i = 0;
$.each($rows, function() {
  rowsTextArray[i] = $(this).find('.fruit').text().replace(/\s+/g, ' ').toLowerCase();
  i++;
});

$('#search').keyup(function() {
  var val = $.trim($(this).val()).replace(/ +/g, ' ').toLowerCase();
  $rows.show().filter(function(index) {
    return (rowsTextArray[index].indexOf(val) === -1);
  }).hide();
});
span {
  margin-right: 0.2em;
}
<input type="text" id="search" placeholder="type to search" />

<div class="wrapper"><span class="number">one</span><span class="fruit">apple</span></div>
<div class="wrapper"><span class="number">two</span><span class="fruit">banana</span></div>
<div class="wrapper"><span class="number">three</span><span class="fruit">cherry</span></div>
<div class="wrapper"><span class="number">four</span><span class="fruit">date</span></div>
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

Answer

Pure Javascript Solution :

Works for ALL columns and Case Insensitive :

function search_table(){
  // Declare variables 
  var input, filter, table, tr, td, i;
  input = document.getElementById("search_field_input");
  filter = input.value.toUpperCase();
  table = document.getElementById("table_id");
  tr = table.getElementsByTagName("tr");

  // Loop through all table rows, and hide those who don't match the search query
  for (i = 0; i < tr.length; i++) {
    td = tr[i].getElementsByTagName("td") ; 
    for(j=0 ; j<td.length ; j++)
    {
      let tdata = td[j] ;
      if (tdata) {
        if (tdata.innerHTML.toUpperCase().indexOf(filter) > -1) {
          tr[i].style.display = "";
          break ; 
        } else {
          tr[i].style.display = "none";
        }
      } 
    }
  }
}
Answer

you can use native javascript like this

<script>
function myFunction() {
  var input, filter, table, tr, td, i;
  input = document.getElementById("myInput");
  filter = input.value.toUpperCase();
  table = document.getElementById("myTable");
  tr = table.getElementsByTagName("tr");
  for (i = 0; i < tr.length; i++) {
    td = tr[i].getElementsByTagName("td")[0];
    if (td) {
      if (td.innerHTML.toUpperCase().indexOf(filter) > -1) {
        tr[i].style.display = "";
      } else {
        tr[i].style.display = "none";
      }
    }       
  }
}
</script>

Answer

Datatable JS plugin is also one good alternate to accomedate search feature for html table

var table = $('#example').DataTable();

// #myInput is a <input type="text"> element
$('#myInput').on( 'keyup', function () {
    table.search( this.value ).draw();
} );

https://datatables.net/examples/basic_init/zero_configuration.html

Answer

Here is the best solution for searching inside HTML table while covering all of the table, (all td, tr in the table), pure javascript and as short as possible:

<input id='myInput' onkeyup='searchTable()' type='text'>

<table id='myTable'>
   <tr>
      <td>Apple</td>
      <td>Green</td>
   </tr>
   <tr>
      <td>Grapes</td>
      <td>Green</td>
   </tr>
   <tr>
      <td>Orange</td>
      <td>Orange</td>
   </tr>
</table>

<script>
function searchTable() {
    var input, filter, found, table, tr, td, i, j;
    input = document.getElementById("myInput");
    filter = input.value.toUpperCase();
    table = document.getElementById("myTable");
    tr = table.getElementsByTagName("tr");
    for (i = 0; i < tr.length; i++) {
        td = tr[i].getElementsByTagName("td");
        for (j = 0; j < td.length; j++) {
            if (td[j].innerHTML.toUpperCase().indexOf(filter) > -1) {
                found = true;
            }
        }
        if (found) {
            tr[i].style.display = "";
            found = false;
        } else {
            tr[i].style.display = "none";
        }
    }
}
</script>
Answer

If you can separate html and data, you can use external libraries like datatables or the one i created. https://github.com/thehitechpanky/js-bootstrap-tables

This library uses keyup function to reload tabledata and hence it appears to work like search.

function _addTableDataRows(paramObjectTDR) {
    let { filterNode, limitNode, bodyNode, countNode, paramObject } = paramObjectTDR;
    let { dataRows, functionArray } = paramObject;
    _clearNode(bodyNode);
    if (typeof dataRows === `string`) {
        bodyNode.insertAdjacentHTML(`beforeend`, dataRows);
    } else {
        let filterTerm;
        if (filterNode) {
            filterTerm = filterNode.value.toLowerCase();
        }
        let serialNumber = 0;
        let limitNumber = 0;
        let rowNode;
        dataRows.forEach(currentRow => {
            if (!filterNode || _filterData(filterTerm, currentRow)) {
                serialNumber++;
                if (!limitNode || limitNode.value === `all` || limitNode.value >= serialNumber) {
                    limitNumber++;
                    rowNode = _getNode(`tr`);
                    bodyNode.appendChild(rowNode);
                    _addData(rowNode, serialNumber, currentRow, `td`);
                }
            }
        });
        _clearNode(countNode);
        countNode.insertAdjacentText(`beforeend`, `Showing 1 to ${limitNumber} of ${serialNumber} entries`);
    }
    if (functionArray) {
        functionArray.forEach(currentObject => {
            let { className, eventName, functionName } = currentObject;
            _attachFunctionToClassNodes(className, eventName, functionName);
        });
    }
}

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us Javascript

©2020 All rights reserved.