Select all DIV text with single mouse click

How to highlight/select the contents of a DIV tag when the user clicks on the DIV...the idea is that all of the text is highlighted/selected so the user doesn't need to manually highlight the text with the mouse and potentially miss a bit of the text?

For example, say we've got a DIV as below:

<div id="selectable">http://example.com/page.htm</div>

...and when the user clicks on any of that URL the whole URL text is highlighted so they can easily drag the selected text around in the browser, or copy the complete URL with a right click.

Thanks!

Answers:

Answer

UPDATE 2017:

To select the node's contents call:

window.getSelection().selectAllChildren(
    document.getElementById(id)
);

This works on all modern browsers including IE9+ (in standards mode).

Runnable Example:

function select(id) {
  window.getSelection()
    .selectAllChildren(
      document.getElementById("target-div") 
    );
}
#outer-div  { padding: 1rem; background-color: #fff0f0; }
#target-div { padding: 1rem; background-color: #f0fff0; }
button      { margin: 1rem; }
<div id="outer-div">
  <div id="target-div">
    Some content for the 
    <br>Target DIV
  </div>
</div>

<button onclick="select(id);">Click to SELECT Contents of #target-div</button>


The original answer below is obsolete since window.getSelection().addRange(range); has been deprecated

Original Answer:

All of the examples above use:

    var range = document.createRange();
    range.selectNode( ... );

but the problem with that is that it selects the Node itself including the DIV tag etc.

To select the Node's text as per the OP question you need to call instead:

    range.selectNodeContents( ... )

So the full snippet would be:

    function selectText( containerid ) {

        var node = document.getElementById( containerid );

        if ( document.selection ) {
            var range = document.body.createTextRange();
            range.moveToElementText( node  );
            range.select();
        } else if ( window.getSelection ) {
            var range = document.createRange();
            range.selectNodeContents( node );
            window.getSelection().removeAllRanges();
            window.getSelection().addRange( range );
        }
    }
Answer

There is pure CSS4 solution:

.selectable{
    -webkit-touch-callout: all; /* iOS Safari */
    -webkit-user-select: all; /* Safari */
    -khtml-user-select: all; /* Konqueror HTML */
    -moz-user-select: all; /* Firefox */
    -ms-user-select: all; /* Internet Explorer/Edge */
    user-select: all; /* Chrome and Opera */

}

user-select is a CSS Module Level 4 specification, that is currently a draft and non-standard CSS property, but browsers support it well — see caniuse.com/#feat=user-select.

Read more on user-select here on MDN and play with it here in w3scools

Answer

The answer of Neuroxik was really helpful. I had only a trouble with Chrome, because when I clicked on an external div, It did not work. I could solve it removing the old ranges before add the new range:

function selectText(containerid) {
    if (document.selection) {
        var range = document.body.createTextRange();
        range.moveToElementText(document.getElementById(containerid));
        range.select();
    } else if (window.getSelection()) {
        var range = document.createRange();
        range.selectNode(document.getElementById(containerid));
        window.getSelection().removeAllRanges();
        window.getSelection().addRange(range);
    }
}
<div id="selectable" onclick="selectText('selectable')">http://example.com/page.htm</div>
Answer

For content editable stuff (not regular inputs, you need to use selectNodeContents (rather than just selectNode).

NOTE: All the references to "document.selection" and "createTextRange()" are for IE 8 and lower... You'll not likely need to support that monster if you're attempting to do tricky stuff like this.

function selectElemText(elem) {

    //Create a range (a range is a like the selection but invisible)
    var range = document.createRange();

    // Select the entire contents of the element
    range.selectNodeContents(elem);

    // Don't select, just positioning caret:
    // In front 
    // range.collapse();
    // Behind:
    // range.collapse(false);

    // Get the selection object
    var selection = window.getSelection();

    // Remove any current selections
    selection.removeAllRanges();

    // Make the range you have just created the visible selection
    selection.addRange(range);

}
Answer

Using a text area field, you could use this: (Via Google)

<form name="select_all">

    <textarea name="text_area" rows="10" cols="80" 
    onClick="javascript:this.form.text_area.focus();this.form.text_area.select();">

    Text Goes Here 

    </textarea>
</form>

This is how I see most websites do it. They just style it with CSS so it doesn't look like a textarea.

Answer

This snippet provides the functionality you require. What you need to do is add an event to that div that which activates fnSelect in it. A quick hack that you totally shouldn't do and possibly might not work, would look like this:

document.getElementById("selectable").onclick(function(){
    fnSelect("selectable");
});

Obviously assuming that the linked to snippet had been included.

Answer

I found it useful to wrap this function as a jQuery plugin:

$.fn.selectText = function () {
    return $(this).each(function (index, el) {
        if (document.selection) {
            var range = document.body.createTextRange();
            range.moveToElementText(el);
            range.select();
        } else if (window.getSelection) {
            var range = document.createRange();
            range.selectNode(el);
            window.getSelection().addRange(range);
        }
    });
}

So, it becomes a reusable solution. Then you can do this:

<div onclick="$(this).selectText()">http://example.com/page.htm</div>

And it will selected test in the div.

Answer

How about this simple solution? :)

<input style="background-color:white; border:1px white solid;" onclick="this.select();" id="selectable" value="http://example.com/page.htm">

Sure it is not div-construction, like you mentioned, but still it is worked for me.

Answer

Niko Lay: How about this simple solution? :)

`<input style="background-color:white; border:1px white solid;" onclick="this.select();" id="selectable" value="http://example.com/page.htm">`

.....

Code before:

<textarea rows="20" class="codearea" style="padding:5px;" readonly="readonly">

Code after:

<textarea rows="20" class="codearea" style="padding:5px;" readonly="readonly" onclick="this.select();" id="selectable">

Just this part onclick="this.select();" id="selectable" in my code worked fine. Selects all in my code box with one mouse click.

Thanks for help Niko Lay!

Answer

Easily achieved with the css property user-select set to all. Like this:

div.anyClass {
  user-select: all;
}

Answer

function selectText(containerid) {
    if (document.selection) { // IE
        var range = document.body.createTextRange();
        range.moveToElementText(document.getElementById(containerid));
        range.select();
    } else if (window.getSelection) {
        var range = document.createRange();
        range.selectNode(document.getElementById(containerid));
        window.getSelection().removeAllRanges();
        window.getSelection().addRange(range);
    }
}
<div id="selectable" onclick="selectText('selectable')">http://example.com/page.htm</div>

Now you have to pass the ID as an argument, which in this case is "selectable", but it's more global, allowing you to use it anywhere multiple times without using, as chiborg mentioned, jQuery.

Answer
$.fn.selectText = function () {
    return $(this).each(function (index, el) {
        if (document.selection) {
            var range = document.body.createTextRange();
            range.moveToElementText(el);
            range.select();
        } else if (window.getSelection) {
            var range = document.createRange();
            range.selectNode(el);
            window.getSelection().addRange(range);
        }
    });
}

Above answer is not working in Chrome because addRange remove previous added range. I didnt find any solution for this beside fake selection with css.

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us Javascript

©2020 All rights reserved.