How to load local script files as fallback in cases where CDN are blocked/unavailable? [duplicate]

Answers:

Answer

To confirm that cdn script loaded you can check for existence any variable/function this script defines, if it is undefined - then cdn failed and you need to load local script copy.

On this principle are based solutions like that:

<script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script>window.jQuery || document.write('<script src="js/libs/jquery-1.5.1.min.js">\x3C/script>')</script>

(if there is no window.jQuery property defined cdn script didn't loaded).

You may build your own solutions using this method. For instance, jquery tooltip plugin creates $.tooltip() function so we can check it with code like this:

<script>
    if (typeof $.tooltip === 'undefined') {
        document.write('<script src="js/libs/jquery.tooltip.min.js">\x3C/script>');
    }
</script>
Answer

I would have looked into a plugin like yepnopejs

yepnope([{
  load: 'http:/­/ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.1/jquery.min.js',
  complete: function () {
    if (!window.jQuery) {
      yepnope('local/jquery.min.js');
    }
  }
}]);

Takes an array of object to check for, check the documentation at the site

Answer

first thing - shouldn't you include them in different order?

something like this should work:

<script src="http://ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/jquery.validate/1.7/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
<script src="http://ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/mvc/3.0/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script>
<script>jQuery.fn.validate || document.write('<script src="js/jquery.validate.min.js">\x3C/script><script src="js/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js">\x3C/script>'</script>

what I'm doing here is simply checking if the first plugin (jQ validate) has been loaded. by checking for a static validate function on jQuery.fn object. I can't check the second script same way, because it's not adding anything anywhere, just proxying existing methods, so it's easier to assume that if the first one works, the second one will work too - after all, they are provided by the same CDN.

Answer

I use http://fallback.io/

  fallback.load({
        // Include your stylesheets, this can be an array of stylesheets or a string!
        page_css: 'index.css',

        // JavaScript library. THE KEY MUST BE THE LIBARIES WINDOW VARIABLE!
        JSON: '//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/json2/20121008/json2.min.js',

        // Here goes a failover example. The first will fail, therefore Fallback JS will load the second!
        jQuery: [
            '//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.0/jquery.FAIL_ON_PURPOSE.min.js',
            '//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.0/jquery.min.js',
            '//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.0/jquery.min.js'
        ],   .......
Answer

You need to know, how you can make sure that a lib was loaded successfully. For instance:

<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.1/jquery.js"></script>
<script>window.jQuery || document.write('<script src="js/jquery.min.js">\x3C/script>'</script>

So this trys to load jQuery (1.5.1) from the google CDN. Since <script> tags do block the overall render & execution process (if not explicitly told different), we can check right after that if the jQuery object is found within window. If not, just fallback by writing another <script> tag into the document, referencing a local copy.

Answer

The following solution passes validation for both HTML5, XHTML 1.0 Transitional and other HTML flavors. Place the following after each of your external JQuery call. Be sure to replace jquery.min.js with the path to your local copy of the JQuery script.

<script type="application/javascript">window.jQuery || 
document.write(unescape('%3Cscript src="jquery.min.js"%3E%3C/script%3E'))</script>

If you don't use unescape, you'll have errors when validating with http://validator.w3.org since "%" is not allowed in an attribute specification list.

The HTML5 Boilerplate example also has validation errors when used with older HTML:

  1. required attribute "type" not specified
  2. character "&" is the first character of a delimiter but occurred as data

You'll be fine with the HTML5 Boilerplate solution if you are developing only for HTML5 and future HTML flavors, but since you may find yourself inserting portions of your code into legacy HTML, play it safe with this one-size-fits-all approach.

You'll need to specify a different function for each externally hosted script. For instance, the JQuery Tooltip plugin creates the $.tooltip() function, so you can check it with the following:

<script type="application/javascript">typeof ($.tooltip()) !== 'undefined' || 
document.write(unescape('%3Cscript src="jquery.tooltip.min.js"%3E%3C/script%3E'))</script>
Answer

I answered a similar questions at jquery ui - how to use google CDN

You can make the call using

<link rel="stylesheet" href="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.8.9/themes/base/jquery-ui.css" type="text/css" media="all" /> 
<script src="http://ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/jQuery/jquery-1.5.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.8.9/jquery-ui.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

You can also link to other Ui themes by changes the name of the theme. In This case change the name base to any other theme name /base/jquery-ui.css to any other theme.

<link rel="stylesheet" href="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.8.9/themes/base/jquery-ui.css" type="text/css" media="all" />

Check out the jQuery UI Blog for a link of all CDN links http://blog.jqueryui.com/

If you want to revert back to your host in case Google failed, you can do

<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
if (typeof jQuery == 'undefined')
{
    document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='/jquery.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E"));
}
</script>
Answer

I don't think any of the solutions could be painless if the related CDN is really filtered out. (like for example iptables/drop, misconfigured routers.) If you don't trust them use everything locally... And you spare yourself a few surprises/calls from users on exotic network.

Answer
<script src="http://ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/mvc/3.0/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="http://ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/jquery.validate/1.7/jquery.validate.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>   
<script type="text/javascript">
if(typeof jQval == 'undefined')
{
    document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E"));
    document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='/Scripts/jquery.validate.min.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E"));
}
</script>

Taken from this article

Answer

Best to do all this script loading with your own Javascript code.

First try to load the CDN file by inserting a new SCRIPT element into the DOM. Then check that it has loaded by looking for an object that it defines. If the object does not appear, then insert another SCRIPT element to load the local copy. Probably best to clean up the DOM and remove SCRIPTs which failed to load as well.

Don't forget to account for timing issues, i.e. load is not instant.

Answer
<script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.4.2/jquery.js"></script>
<script>!window.jQuery && document.write(unescape('%3Cscript src="js/libs/jquery-1.4.2.js"%3E%3C/script%3E'))</script>

Taken from HTML5 Boilerplate.

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