jQuery scroll to element

I have this input element:

<input type="text" class="textfield" value="" id="subject" name="subject">

Then I have some other elements, like other text inputs, textareas, etc.

When the user clicks on that input with #subject, the page should scroll to the last element of the page with a nice animation. It should be a scroll to bottom and not to top.

The last item of the page is a submit button with #submit:

<input type="submit" class="submit" id="submit" name="submit" value="Ok, Done.">

The animation should not be too fast and should be fluid.

I am running the latest jQuery version. I prefer to not install any plugin but to use the default jQuery features to achieve this.

Answers:

Answer

Assuming you have a button with the id button, try this example:

$("#button").click(function() {
    $([document.documentElement, document.body]).animate({
        scrollTop: $("#elementtoScrollToID").offset().top
    }, 2000);
});

I got the code from the article Smoothly scroll to an element without a jQuery plugin. And I have tested it on the example below.

<html>
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script>
        $(document).ready(function (){
            $("#click").click(function (){
                $('html, body').animate({
                    scrollTop: $("#div1").offset().top
                }, 2000);
            });
        });
    </script>
    <div id="div1" style="height: 1000px; width 100px">
        Test
    </div>
    <br/>
    <div id="div2" style="height: 1000px; width 100px">
        Test 2
    </div>
    <button id="click">Click me</button>
</html>

Answer

jQuery .scrollTo() Method

jQuery .scrollTo(): View - Demo, API, Source

I wrote this lightweight plugin to make page/element scrolling much easier. It's flexible where you could pass in a target element or specified value. Perhaps this could be part of jQuery's next official release, what do you think?


Examples Usage:

$('body').scrollTo('#target'); // Scroll screen to target element

$('body').scrollTo(500); // Scroll screen 500 pixels down

$('#scrollable').scrollTo(100); // Scroll individual element 100 pixels down

Options:

scrollTarget: A element, string, or number which indicates desired scroll position.

offsetTop: A number that defines additional spacing above scroll target.

duration: A string or number determining how long the animation will run.

easing: A string indicating which easing function to use for the transition.

complete: A function to call once the animation is complete.

Answer

If you are not much interested in the smooth scroll effect and just interested in scrolling to a particular element, you don't require some jQuery function for this. Javascript has got your case covered:

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/element.scrollIntoView

So all you need to do is: $("selector").get(0).scrollIntoView();

.get(0) is used because we want to retrieve the JavaScript's DOM element and not the JQuery's DOM element.

Answer

Using this simple script

if($(window.location.hash).length > 0){
        $('html, body').animate({ scrollTop: $(window.location.hash).offset().top}, 1000);
}

Would make in sort that if a hash tag is found in the url, the scrollTo animate to the ID. If not hash tag found, then ignore the script.

Answer

jQuery(document).ready(function($) {
  $('a[href^="#"]').bind('click.smoothscroll',function (e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    var target = this.hash,
        $target = $(target);

    $('html, body').stop().animate( {
      'scrollTop': $target.offset().top-40
    }, 900, 'swing', function () {
      window.location.hash = target;
    } );
  } );
} );
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>


<ul role="tablist">
  <li class="active" id="p1"><a href="#pane1" role="tab">Section 1</a></li>
  <li id="p2"><a href="#pane2" role="tab">Section 2</a></li>
  <li id="p3"><a href="#pane3" role="tab">Section 3</a></li>
</ul>

<div id="pane1"></div>
<div id="pane2"></div>
<div id="pane3"></div>

Answer

The solution by Steve and Peter works very well.

But in some cases, you may have to convert the value to an integer. Strangely, the returned value from $("...").offset().top is sometimes in float.
Use: parseInt($("....").offset().top)

For example:

$("#button").click(function() {
    $('html, body').animate({
        scrollTop: parseInt($("#elementtoScrollToID").offset().top)
    }, 2000);
});
Answer

A compact version of "animate" solution.

$.fn.scrollTo = function (speed) {
    if (typeof(speed) === 'undefined')
        speed = 1000;

    $('html, body').animate({
        scrollTop: parseInt($(this).offset().top)
    }, speed);
};

Basic usage: $('#your_element').scrollTo();

Answer

If you are only handling scrolling to an input element, you can use focus(). For example, if you wanted to scroll to the first visible input:

$(':input:visible').first().focus();

Or the first visible input in an container with class .error:

$('.error :input:visible').first().focus();

Thanks to Tricia Ball for pointing this out!

Answer

With this solution you do not need any plugin and there's no setup required besides placing the script before your closing </body> tag.

$("a[href^='#']").on("click", function(e) {
  e.preventDefault();
  $("html, body").animate({
    scrollTop: $($(this).attr("href")).offset().top
  }, 1000);
});

if ($(window.location.hash).length > 1) {
  $("html, body").animate({
    scrollTop: $(window.location.hash).offset().top
  }, 1000);
}

On load, if there is a hash in the address, we scroll to it.

And - whenever you click an a link with an href hash e.g. #top, we scroll to it.

Answer

This is the way I do it.

document.querySelector('scrollHere').scrollIntoView({ behavior: 'smooth' })

Works in any browser.

It can easily be wrapped into a function

function scrollTo(selector) {
    document.querySelector(selector).scrollIntoView({ behavior: 'smooth' })
}

Here is a working example

$(".btn").click(function() {
  document.getElementById("scrollHere").scrollIntoView( {behavior: "smooth" })
})
.btn {margin-bottom: 500px;}
.middle {display: block; margin-bottom: 500px; color: red;}
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<button class="btn">Scroll down</button>

<h1 class="middle">You see?</h1>

<div id="scrollHere">Arrived at your destination</div>

Docs

Answer

I know a way without jQuery:

document.getElementById("element-id").scrollIntoView();
Answer

In most cases, it would be best to use a plugin. Seriously. I'm going to tout mine here. Of course there are others, too. But please check if they really avoid the pitfalls for which you'd want a plugin in the first place - not all of them do.

I have written about the reasons for using a plugin elsewhere. In a nutshell, the one liner underpinning most answers here

$('html, body').animate( { scrollTop: $target.offset().top }, duration );

is bad UX.

  • The animation doesn't respond to user actions. It carries on even if the user clicks, taps, or tries to scroll.

  • If the starting point of the animation is close to the target element, the animation is painfully slow.

  • If the target element is placed near the bottom of the page, it can't be scrolled to the top of the window. The scroll animation stops abruptly then, in mid motion.

To handle these issues (and a bunch of others), you can use a plugin of mine, jQuery.scrollable. The call then becomes

$( window ).scrollTo( targetPosition );

and that's it. Of course, there are more options.

With regard to the target position, $target.offset().top does the job in most cases. But please be aware that the returned value doesn't take a border on the html element into account (see this demo). If you need the target position to be accurate under any circumstances, it is better to use

targetPosition = $( window ).scrollTop() + $target[0].getBoundingClientRect().top;

That works even if a border on the html element is set.

Answer

Animations:

// slide to top of the page
$('.up').click(function () {
    $("html, body").animate({
        scrollTop: 0
    }, 600);
    return false;
});

// slide page to anchor
$('.menutop b').click(function(){
    //event.preventDefault();
    $('html, body').animate({
        scrollTop: $( $(this).attr('href') ).offset().top
    }, 600);
    return false;
});

// Scroll to class, div
$("#button").click(function() {
    $('html, body').animate({
        scrollTop: $("#target-element").offset().top
    }, 1000);
});

// div background animate
$(window).scroll(function () {

    var x = $(this).scrollTop();

    // freezze div background
    $('.banner0').css('background-position', '0px ' + x +'px');

    // from left to right
    $('.banner0').css('background-position', x+'px ' +'0px');

    // from right to left
    $('.banner0').css('background-position', -x+'px ' +'0px');

    // from bottom to top
    $('#skills').css('background-position', '0px ' + -x + 'px');

    // move background from top to bottom
    $('.skills1').css('background-position', '0% ' + parseInt(-x / 1) + 'px' + ', 0% ' + parseInt(-x / 1) + 'px, center top');

    // Show hide mtop menu  
    if ( x > 100 ) {
    $( ".menu" ).addClass( 'menushow' );
    $( ".menu" ).fadeIn("slow");
    $( ".menu" ).animate({opacity: 0.75}, 500);
    } else {
    $( ".menu" ).removeClass( 'menushow' );
    $( ".menu" ).animate({opacity: 1}, 500);
    }

});

// progres bar animation simple
$('.bar1').each(function(i) {
  var width = $(this).data('width');  
  $(this).animate({'width' : width + '%' }, 900, function(){
    // Animation complete
  });  
});
Answer

If you want to scroll within an overflow container (instead of $('html, body') answered above), working also with absolute positioning, this is the way to do :

var elem = $('#myElement'),
    container = $('#myScrollableContainer'),
    pos = elem.position().top + container.scrollTop() - container.position().top;

container.animate({
  scrollTop: pos
}
Answer

Easy way to achieve the scroll of page to target div id

var targetOffset = $('#divID').offset().top;
$('html, body').animate({scrollTop: targetOffset}, 1000);
Answer

This is my approach abstracting the ID's and href's, using a generic class selector

$(function() {
  // Generic selector to be used anywhere
  $(".js-scroll-to").click(function(e) {

    // Get the href dynamically
    var destination = $(this).attr('href');

    // Prevent href=“#” link from changing the URL hash (optional)
    e.preventDefault();

    // Animate scroll to destination
    $('html, body').animate({
      scrollTop: $(destination).offset().top
    }, 500);
  });
});
<!-- example of a fixed nav menu -->
<ul class="nav">
  <li>
    <a href="#section-1" class="nav-item js-scroll-to">Item 1</a>
  </li>
  <li>
    <a href="#section-2" class="nav-item js-scroll-to">Item 2</a>
  </li>
  <li>
    <a href="#section-3" class="nav-item js-scroll-to">Item 3</a>
  </li>
</ul>

Answer

Very simple and easy to use custom jQuery plugin. Just add the attribute scroll= to your clickable element and set its value to the selector you want to scroll to.

Like so: <a scroll="#product">Click me</a>. It can be used on any element.

(function($){
    $.fn.animateScroll = function(){
        console.log($('[scroll]'));
        $('[scroll]').click(function(){
            selector = $($(this).attr('scroll'));
            console.log(selector);
            console.log(selector.offset().top);
            $('html body').animate(
                {scrollTop: (selector.offset().top)}, //- $(window).scrollTop()
                1000
            );
        });
    }
})(jQuery);

// RUN
jQuery(document).ready(function($) {
    $().animateScroll();
});

// IN HTML EXAMPLE
// RUN ONCLICK ON OBJECT WITH ATTRIBUTE SCROLL=".SELECTOR"
// <a scroll="#product">Click To Scroll</a>
Answer
var scrollTo = function($parent, $element) {
    var topDiff = $element.position().top - $parent.position().top;

    $parent.animate({
        scrollTop : topDiff
    }, 100);
};
Answer

$('html, body').animate(...) does not for me on iphone, android chrome safari browser.

I had to target root content element of the page.

$('#cotnent').animate(...)

Here is what I have ended up with

if (navigator.userAgent.match(/(iPod|iPhone|iPad|Android)/)) {           
    $('#content').animate({
    scrollTop: $("#elementtoScrollToID").offset().top
   }, 'slow');
}
else{
    $('html, body').animate({
    scrollTop: $("#elementtoScrollToID").offset().top
    }, 'slow');
}

All body content wired up with a #content div

<html>
....
<body>
<div id="content">
....
</div>
</body>
</html>
Answer

This is Atharva's answer from: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/element.scrollIntoView. Just wanted to add if your document is in an iframe, you can choose an element in the parent frame to scroll into view:

 $('#element-in-parent-frame', window.parent.document).get(0).scrollIntoView();
Answer
$('html, body').animate({scrollTop: 
  Math.min( 
    $(to).offset().top-margintop, //margintop is the margin above the target
    $('body')[0].scrollHeight-$('body').height()) //if the target is at the bottom
}, 2000);
Answer

When the user clicks on that input with #subject, the page should scroll to the last element of the page with a nice animation. It should be a scroll to bottom and not to top.

The last item of the page is a submit button with #submit

$('#subject').click(function()
{
    $('#submit').focus();
    $('#subject').focus();
});

This will first scroll down to #submit then restore the cursor back to the input that was clicked, which mimics a scroll down, and works on most browsers. It also doesn't require jQuery as it can be written in pure JavaScript.

Can this fashion of using focus function mimic animation in a better way, through chaining focus calls. I haven't tested this theory, but it would look something like this:

<style>
  #F > *
  {
    width: 100%;
  }
</style>

<form id="F" >
  <div id="child_1"> .. </div>
  <div id="child_2"> .. </div>
  ..
  <div id="child_K"> .. </div>
</form>

<script>
  $('#child_N').click(function()
  {
    $('#child_N').focus();
    $('#child_N+1').focus();
    ..
    $('#child_K').focus();

    $('#child_N').focus();
  });
</script>
Answer

I set up a module scroll-element npm install scroll-element. It works like this:

import { scrollToElement, scrollWindowToElement } from 'scroll-element'

/* scroll the window to your target element, duration and offset optional */
let targetElement = document.getElementById('my-item')
scrollWindowToElement(targetElement)

/* scroll the overflow container element to your target element, duration and offset optional */
let containerElement = document.getElementById('my-container')
let targetElement = document.getElementById('my-item')
scrollToElement(containerElement, targetElement)

Written with help from the following SO posts:

Here is the code:

export const scrollToElement = function(containerElement, targetElement, duration, offset) {
  if (duration == null) { duration = 1000 }
  if (offset == null) { offset = 0 }

  let targetOffsetTop = getElementOffset(targetElement).top
  let containerOffsetTop = getElementOffset(containerElement).top
  let scrollTarget = targetOffsetTop + ( containerElement.scrollTop - containerOffsetTop)
  scrollTarget += offset
  scroll(containerElement, scrollTarget, duration)
}

export const scrollWindowToElement = function(targetElement, duration, offset) {
  if (duration == null) { duration = 1000 }
  if (offset == null) { offset = 0 }

  let scrollTarget = getElementOffset(targetElement).top
  scrollTarget += offset
  scrollWindow(scrollTarget, duration)
}

function scroll(containerElement, scrollTarget, duration) {
  let scrollStep = scrollTarget / (duration / 15)
  let interval = setInterval(() => {
    if ( containerElement.scrollTop < scrollTarget ) {
      containerElement.scrollTop += scrollStep
    } else {
      clearInterval(interval)
    }
  },15)
}

function scrollWindow(scrollTarget, duration) {
  let scrollStep = scrollTarget / (duration / 15)
  let interval = setInterval(() => {
    if ( window.scrollY < scrollTarget ) {
      window.scrollBy( 0, scrollStep )
    } else {
      clearInterval(interval)
    }
  },15)
}

function getElementOffset(element) {
  let de = document.documentElement
  let box = element.getBoundingClientRect()
  let top = box.top + window.pageYOffset - de.clientTop
  let left = box.left + window.pageXOffset - de.clientLeft
  return { top: top, left: left }
}
Answer

To show the full element (if it's possible with the current window size):

var element       = $("#some_element");
var elementHeight = element.height();
var windowHeight  = $(window).height();

var offset = Math.min(elementHeight, windowHeight) + element.offset().top;
$('html, body').animate({ scrollTop: offset }, 500);
Answer

I wrote a general purpose function that scrolls to either a jQuery object, a CSS selector, or a numeric value.

Example usage:

// scroll to "#target-element":
$.scrollTo("#target-element");

// scroll to 80 pixels above first element with class ".invalid":
$.scrollTo(".invalid", -80);

// scroll a container with id "#my-container" to 300 pixels from its top:
$.scrollTo(300, 0, "slow", "#my-container");

The function's code:

/**
* Scrolls the container to the target position minus the offset
*
* @param target    - the destination to scroll to, can be a jQuery object
*                    jQuery selector, or numeric position
* @param offset    - the offset in pixels from the target position, e.g.
*                    pass -80 to scroll to 80 pixels above the target
* @param speed     - the scroll speed in milliseconds, or one of the
*                    strings "fast" or "slow". default: 500
* @param container - a jQuery object or selector for the container to
*                    be scrolled. default: "html, body"
*/
jQuery.scrollTo = function (target, offset, speed, container) {

    if (isNaN(target)) {

        if (!(target instanceof jQuery))
            target = $(target);

        target = parseInt(target.offset().top);
    }

    container = container || "html, body";
    if (!(container instanceof jQuery))
        container = $(container);

    speed = speed || 500;
    offset = offset || 0;

    container.animate({
        scrollTop: target + offset
    }, speed);
};
Answer

For what it's worth, this is how I managed to achieve such behavior for a general element which can be inside a DIV with scrolling. In our case we don't scroll the full body, but just particular elements with overflow: auto; within a larger layout.

It creates a fake input of the height of the target element, and then puts a focus to it, and the browser will take care about the rest no matter how deep within the scrollable hierarchy you are. Works like a charm.

var $scrollTo = $('#someId'),
inputElem = $('<input type="text"></input>');

$scrollTo.prepend(inputElem);
inputElem.css({
  position: 'absolute',
  width: '1px',
  height: $scrollTo.height()
});
inputElem.focus();
inputElem.remove();
Answer

This worked for me:

var targetOffset = $('#elementToScrollTo').offset().top;
$('#DivParent').animate({scrollTop: targetOffset}, 2500);
Answer

jQuery(document).ready(function($) {
  $('a[href^="#"]').bind('click.smoothscroll',function (e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    var target = this.hash,
        $target = $(target);

    $('html, body').stop().animate( {
      'scrollTop': $target.offset().top-40
    }, 900, 'swing', function () {
      window.location.hash = target;
    } );
  } );
} );
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>


<ul role="tablist">
  <li class="active" id="p1"><a href="#pane1" role="tab">Section 1</a></li>
  <li id="p2"><a href="#pane2" role="tab">Section 2</a></li>
  <li id="p3"><a href="#pane3" role="tab">Section 3</a></li>
</ul>

<div id="pane1"></div>
<div id="pane2"></div>
<div id="pane3"></div>

Answer

Updated answer as of 2019:

$('body').animate({
    scrollTop: $('#subject').offset().top - $('body').offset().top + $('body').scrollTop()
}, 'fast');
Answer

ONELINER

subject.onclick = e=> window.scroll({ top: submit.offsetTop, behavior: 'smooth'});

subject.onclick = e=> window.scroll({top: submit.offsetTop, behavior: 'smooth'});
.box,.foot{display: flex;background:#fdf;padding:500px 0} .foot{padding:250px}
<input type="text" class="textfield" value="click here" id="subject" name="subject">

<div class="box">
  Some content
  <textarea></textarea>
</div>

<input type="submit" class="submit" id="submit" name="submit" value="Ok, Done.">

<div class="foot">Some footer</div>

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