horizontal scrollbar on top and bottom of table

I've a very large table on my page. So I decided to put a horizontal scrollbar on the bottom of the table. But I would like this scrollbar to be also on top on the table.

What I have in the template is this:

<div style="overflow:auto; width:100%; height:130%">
<table id="data" style="width:100%">

Is this possible to do in HTML and CSS only?

Answers:

Answer

To simulate a second horizontal scrollbar on top of an element, put a "dummy" div above the element that has horizontal scrolling, just high enough for a scrollbar. Then attach handlers of the "scroll" event for the dummy element and the real element, to get the other element in synch when either scrollbar is moved. The dummy element will look like a second horizontal scrollbar above the real element.

For a live example, see this fiddle

Here's the code:

HTML:

<div class="wrapper1">
  <div class="div1"></div>
</div>
<div class="wrapper2">
  <div class="div2">
    <!-- Content Here -->
  </div>
</div>

CSS:

.wrapper1, .wrapper2 {
  width: 300px;
  overflow-x: scroll;
  overflow-y:hidden;
}

.wrapper1 {height: 20px; }
.wrapper2 {height: 200px; }

.div1 {
  width:1000px;
  height: 20px;
}

.div2 {
  width:1000px;
  height: 200px;
  background-color: #88FF88;
  overflow: auto;
}

JS:

$(function(){
  $(".wrapper1").scroll(function(){
    $(".wrapper2").scrollLeft($(".wrapper1").scrollLeft());
  });
  $(".wrapper2").scroll(function(){
    $(".wrapper1").scrollLeft($(".wrapper2").scrollLeft());
  });
});
Answer

Try using the jquery.doubleScroll plugin :

jQuery :

$(document).ready(function(){
  $('#double-scroll').doubleScroll();
});

CSS :

#double-scroll{
  width: 400px;
}

HTML :

<div id="double-scroll">
  <table id="very-wide-element">
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <td></td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>
Answer

First of all, great answer, @StanleyH. If someone is wondering how to make the double scroll container with dynamic width :

css

.wrapper1, .wrapper2 { width: 100%; overflow-x: scroll; overflow-y: hidden; }
.wrapper1 { height: 20px; }
.div1 { height: 20px; }
.div2 { overflow: none; }

js

$(function () {
    $('.wrapper1').on('scroll', function (e) {
        $('.wrapper2').scrollLeft($('.wrapper1').scrollLeft());
    }); 
    $('.wrapper2').on('scroll', function (e) {
        $('.wrapper1').scrollLeft($('.wrapper2').scrollLeft());
    });
});
$(window).on('load', function (e) {
    $('.div1').width($('table').width());
    $('.div2').width($('table').width());
});

html

<div class="wrapper1">
    <div class="div1"></div>
</div>
<div class="wrapper2">
    <div class="div2">
        <table>
            <tbody>
                <tr>
                    <td>table cell</td>
                    <td>table cell</td>
                    <!-- ... -->
                    <td>table cell</td>
                    <td>table cell</td>
                </tr>
            </tbody>
        </table>
    </div>
</div>

demo

http://jsfiddle.net/simo/67xSL/

Answer

Without JQuery (2017)

Because you might not need JQuery, here is a working Vanilla JS version based on @StanleyH answer:

var wrapper1 = document.getElementById('wrapper1');
var wrapper2 = document.getElementById('wrapper2');
wrapper1.onscroll = function() {
  wrapper2.scrollLeft = wrapper1.scrollLeft;
};
wrapper2.onscroll = function() {
  wrapper1.scrollLeft = wrapper2.scrollLeft;
};
#wrapper1, #wrapper2{width: 300px; border: none 0px RED;
overflow-x: scroll; overflow-y:hidden;}
#wrapper1{height: 20px; }
#wrapper2{height: 100px; }
#div1 {width:1000px; height: 20px; }
#div2 {width:1000px; height: 100px; background-color: #88FF88;
overflow: auto;}
<div id="wrapper1">
    <div id="div1">
    </div>
</div>
<div id="wrapper2">
    <div id="div2">
    aaaa bbbb cccc dddd aaaa bbbb cccc 
    dddd aaaa bbbb cccc dddd aaaa bbbb 
    cccc dddd aaaa bbbb cccc dddd aaaa 
    bbbb cccc dddd aaaa bbbb cccc dddd
    </div>
</div>

Answer

You can use a jQuery plugin that will do the job for you :

The plugin will handle all the logic for you.

Answer

StanleyH's answer was excellent, but it had one unfortunate bug: clicking the shaded area of the scrollbar no longer jumps to the selection you click. Instead, what you get is a very small and somewhat annoying increment in the position of the scrollbar.

Tested: 4 versions of Firefox (100% affected), 4 versions of Chrome (50% affected).

Here's my jsfiddle. You can get around this with by having an on/off (true/false) var that allows only one onScroll() event to trigger at a time:

var scrolling = false;
$(".wrapper1").scroll(function(){
    if(scrolling) {
      scrolling = false;
      return true;
    }
    scrolling = true;
    $(".wrapper2")
        .scrollLeft($(".wrapper1").scrollLeft());
});
$(".wrapper2").scroll(function(){
    if(scrolling) {
      scrolling = false;
      return true;
    }
      scrolling = true;
    $(".wrapper1")
        .scrollLeft($(".wrapper2").scrollLeft());
});

Problem Behavior With Accepted Answer :

Actually Desired Behavior :

So, just why does this happen? If you run through the code, you'll see that wrapper1 calls wrapper2's scrollLeft, and wrapper2 calls wrapper1's scrollLeft, and repeat this infinitely, so, we have an infinite loop problem. Or, rather: the continued scrolling of the user conflicts with wrapperx's call of the scrolling, an event conflict occurs, and the end result is no jumping in the scrollbars.

Hope this helps someone else out!

Answer

Based on @StanleyH solution I created an AngularJS directive, demo on jsFiddle.

Easy to use:

<div data-double-scroll-bar-horizontal> {{content}} or static content </div>

No jQuery required.

Answer

Linking the scrollers worked, but in the way it's written it creates a loop which makes scrolling slow in most browsers if you click on the part of the lighter scrollbar and hold it (not when dragging the scroller).

I fixed it with a flag:

$(function() {
    x = 1;
    $(".wrapper1").scroll(function() {
        if (x == 1) {
            x = 0;
            $(".wrapper2")
                .scrollLeft($(".wrapper1").scrollLeft());
        } else {
            x = 1;
        }
    });


    $(".wrapper2").scroll(function() {
        if (x == 1) {
            x = 0;
            $(".wrapper1")
                .scrollLeft($(".wrapper2").scrollLeft());
        } else {
            x = 1;
        }
    });
});
Answer

As far as I'm aware this isn't possible with HTML and CSS.

Answer

In vanilla Javascript/Angular you can do this like this:

scroll() {
    let scroller = document.querySelector('.above-scroller');
    let table = document.querySelector('.table');
    table.scrollTo(scroller.scrollLeft,0);
  }

HTML:

<div class="above-scroller" (scroll)="scroll()">
  <div class="scroller"></div>
</div>
<div class="table" >
  <table></table>
</div>

CSS:

.above-scroller  {
   overflow-x: scroll;
   overflow-y:hidden;
   height: 20px;
   width: 1200px
 }

.scroller {
  width:4500px;
  height: 20px;
}

.table {
  width:100%;
  height: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
}
Answer

Expanding on StanleyH's answer, and trying to find the minimum required, here is what I implemented:

JavaScript (called once from somewhere like $(document).ready()):

function doubleScroll(){
        $(".topScrollVisible").scroll(function(){
            $(".tableWrapper")
                .scrollLeft($(".topScrollVisible").scrollLeft());
        });
        $(".tableWrapper").scroll(function(){
            $(".topScrollVisible")
                .scrollLeft($(".tableWrapper").scrollLeft());
        });
}

HTML (note that the widths will change the scroll bar length):

<div class="topScrollVisible" style="overflow-x:scroll">
    <div class="topScrollTableLength" style="width:1520px; height:20px">
    </div>
</div>
<div class="tableWrapper" style="overflow:auto; height:100%;">
    <table id="myTable" style="width:1470px" class="myTableClass">
...
    </table>

That's it.

Answer

a javascript only solution that's based on @HoldOffHunger and @bobince answers

<div id="doublescroll">

.

function DoubleScroll(element) {
            var scrollbar= document.createElement('div');
            scrollbar.appendChild(document.createElement('div'));
            scrollbar.style.overflow= 'auto';
            scrollbar.style.overflowY= 'hidden';
            scrollbar.firstChild.style.width= element.scrollWidth+'px';
            scrollbar.firstChild.style.paddingTop= '1px';
            scrollbar.firstChild.appendChild(document.createTextNode('\xA0'));
            var running = false;
            scrollbar.onscroll= function() {
                if(running) {
                    running = false;
                    return;
                }
                running = true;
                element.scrollLeft= scrollbar.scrollLeft;
            };
            element.onscroll= function() {
                if(running) {
                    running = false;
                    return;
                }
                running = true;
                scrollbar.scrollLeft= element.scrollLeft;
            };
            element.parentNode.insertBefore(scrollbar, element);
        }

    DoubleScroll(document.getElementById('doublescroll'));
Answer

If you are using iscroll.js on webkit browser or mobile browser, you could try:

$('#pageWrapper>div:last-child').css('top', "0px");
Answer

to all angular/nativeJs fans, implementing @simo's answer

HTML (no change)

<div class="top-scroll-wrapper">
    <div class="top-scroll"></div>
</div>

CSS (no change, width: 90% is my desing)

.top-scroll-wrapper { width: 90%;height: 20px;margin: auto;padding: 0 16px;overflow-x: auto;overflow-y: hidden;}
.top-scroll { height: 20px; }

JS (like onload) or ngAfterViewChecked (all the as are for TypeScript)

let $topscroll = document.querySelector(".top-scroll") as HTMLElement
let $topscrollWrapper = document.querySelector(".top-scroll-wrapper") as HTMLElement
let $table = document.querySelectorAll('mat-card')[3] as HTMLElement

$topscroll.style.width = totalWidth + 'px'
$topscrollWrapper.onscroll = e => $table.scroll((e.target as HTMLElement).scrollLeft, 0)
$table.onscroll = e => $topscrollWrapper.scroll((e.target as HTMLElement).scrollLeft, 0)
Answer

There is an issue with scroll direction: rtl. It seems the plugin doesn't support it correctly. Here is the fiddle: fiddle

Note that it works correctly in Chrome, but in all other popular browsers the top scroll bar direction remains left.

Answer

An AngularJs directive for achieving this: To use it, add css class double-hscroll to your element. You will need jQuery and AngularJs for this.

import angular from 'angular';

var app = angular.module('plunker', []);
app.controller('MainCtrl', function($scope, $compile) {
  $scope.name = 'Dual wielded horizontal scroller';
});

app.directive('doubleHscroll', function($compile) {
  return {
restrict: 'C',
link: function(scope, elem, attr){

  var elemWidth = parseInt(elem[0].clientWidth);

  elem.wrap(`<div id='wrapscroll' style='width:${elemWidth}px;overflow:scroll'></div>`); 
  //note the top scroll contains an empty space as a 'trick' 
  $('#wrapscroll').before(`<div id='topscroll' style='height:20px; overflow:scroll;width:${elemWidth}px'><div style='min-width:${elemWidth}px'> </div></div>`);

  $(function(){
    $('#topscroll').scroll(function(){
      $("#wrapscroll").scrollLeft($("#topscroll").scrollLeft());
    });
    $('#wrapscroll').scroll(function() {
      $("#topscroll").scrollLeft($("#wrapscroll").scrollLeft());
    });

  });  

}

  };


});
Answer

Here is an example for VueJS

index.page

<template>
  <div>
    <div ref="topScroll" class="top-scroll" @scroll.passive="handleScroll">
      <div
        :style="{
          width: `${contentWidth}px`,
          height: '12px'
        }"
      />
    </div>
    <div ref="content" class="content" @scroll.passive="handleScroll">
      <div
        :style="{
          width: `${contentWidth}px`
        }"
      >
        Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, ipsum dictum vulputate molestie id magna,
        nunc laoreet maecenas, molestie ipsum donec lectus ut et sit, aut ut ut
        viverra vivamus mollis in, integer diam purus penatibus. Augue consequat
        quis phasellus non, congue tristique ac arcu cras ligula congue, elit
        hendrerit lectus faucibus arcu ligula a, id hendrerit dolor nec nec
        placerat. Vel ornare tincidunt tincidunt, erat amet mollis quisque, odio
        cursus gravida libero aliquam duis, dolor sed nulla dignissim praesent
        erat, voluptatem pede aliquam. Ut et tellus mi fermentum varius, feugiat
        nullam nunc ultrices, ullamcorper pede, nunc vestibulum, scelerisque
        nunc lectus integer. Nec id scelerisque vestibulum, elit sit, cursus
        neque varius. Fusce in, nunc donec, volutpat mauris wisi sem, non
        sapien. Pellentesque nisl, lectus eros hendrerit dui. In metus aptent
        consectetuer, sociosqu massa mus fermentum mauris dis, donec erat nunc
        orci.
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      contentWidth: 1000
    }
  },
  methods: {
    handleScroll(event) {
      if (event.target._prevClass === 'content') {
        this.$refs.topScroll.scrollLeft = this.$refs.content.scrollLeft
      } else {
        this.$refs.content.scrollLeft = this.$refs.topScroll.scrollLeft
      }
    }
  }
}
</script>

<style lang="scss" scoped>
.top-scroll,
.content {
  overflow: auto;
  max-width: 100%;
}
.top-scroll {
  margin-top: 50px;
}
</style>

TAKE NOTE on the height: 12px.. I made it 12px so it will be noticed on Mac Users as well. But w/ windows, 0.1px is good enough

Answer

There is one way to achieve this that I did not see anybody mentioning here.

By rotating the parent container by 180 degrees and the child-container again by 180 degrees the scrollbar will be shown at top

.parent {
  transform: rotateX(180deg);
  overflow-x: auto;
} 
.child {
  transform: rotateX(180deg);
}

For reference see the issue in the w3c repository.

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