How to add a custom right-click menu to a webpage?

I want to add a custom right-click menu to my web application. Can this be done without using any pre-built libraries? If so, how to display a simple custom right-click menu which does not use a 3rd party JavaScript library?

I'm aiming for something like what Google Docs does. It lets users right-click and show the users their own menu.

NOTE: I want to learn how to make my own versus using something somebody made already since most of the time, those 3rd party libraries are bloated with features whereas I only want features that I need so I want it to be completely hand-made by me.

Answers:

Answer

Answering your question - use contextmenu event, like below:

if (document.addEventListener) {
  document.addEventListener('contextmenu', function(e) {
    alert("You've tried to open context menu"); //here you draw your own menu
    e.preventDefault();
  }, false);
} else {
  document.attachEvent('oncontextmenu', function() {
    alert("You've tried to open context menu");
    window.event.returnValue = false;
  });
}
<body>
  Lorem ipsum...
</body>

But you should ask yourself, do you really want to overwrite default right-click behavior - it depends on application that you're developing.


JSFIDDLE

Answer

Was very useful for me. For the sake of people like me, expecting the drawing of menu, I put here the code I used to make the right-click menu:

$(document).ready(function() {


  if ($("#test").addEventListener) {
    $("#test").addEventListener('contextmenu', function(e) {
      alert("You've tried to open context menu"); //here you draw your own menu
      e.preventDefault();
    }, false);
  } else {

    //document.getElementById("test").attachEvent('oncontextmenu', function() {
    //$(".test").bind('contextmenu', function() {
    $('body').on('contextmenu', 'a.test', function() {


      //alert("contextmenu"+event);
      document.getElementById("rmenu").className = "show";
      document.getElementById("rmenu").style.top = mouseY(event) + 'px';
      document.getElementById("rmenu").style.left = mouseX(event) + 'px';

      window.event.returnValue = false;


    });
  }

});

// this is from another SO post...  
$(document).bind("click", function(event) {
  document.getElementById("rmenu").className = "hide";
});



function mouseX(evt) {
  if (evt.pageX) {
    return evt.pageX;
  } else if (evt.clientX) {
    return evt.clientX + (document.documentElement.scrollLeft ?
      document.documentElement.scrollLeft :
      document.body.scrollLeft);
  } else {
    return null;
  }
}

function mouseY(evt) {
  if (evt.pageY) {
    return evt.pageY;
  } else if (evt.clientY) {
    return evt.clientY + (document.documentElement.scrollTop ?
      document.documentElement.scrollTop :
      document.body.scrollTop);
  } else {
    return null;
  }
}
.show {
  z-index: 1000;
  position: absolute;
  background-color: #C0C0C0;
  border: 1px solid blue;
  padding: 2px;
  display: block;
  margin: 0;
  list-style-type: none;
  list-style: none;
}

.hide {
  display: none;
}

.show li {
  list-style: none;
}

.show a {
  border: 0 !important;
  text-decoration: none;
}

.show a:hover {
  text-decoration: underline !important;
}
<!-- jQuery should be at least version 1.7 -->
<script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.0.min.js"></script>
<script src="contextmenu.js"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="contextmenu.css" />


<div id="test1">
  <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Google</a>
  <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Link 2</a>
  <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Link 3</a>
  <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Link 4</a>
</div>

<!-- initially hidden right-click menu -->
<div class="hide" id="rmenu">
  <ul>
    <li>
      <a href="http://www.google.com">Google</a>
    </li>

    <li>
      <a href="http://localhost:8080/login">Localhost</a>
    </li>

    <li>
      <a href="C:\">C</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

Answer

A combination of some nice CSS and some non-standard html tags with no external libraries can give a nice result (JSFiddle)

HTML

<menu id="ctxMenu">
    <menu title="File">
        <menu title="Save"></menu>
        <menu title="Save As"></menu>
        <menu title="Open"></menu>
    </menu>
    <menu title="Edit">
        <menu title="Cut"></menu>
        <menu title="Copy"></menu>
        <menu title="Paste"></menu>
    </menu>
</menu>

Note: the menu tag does not exist, I'm making it up (you can use anything)

CSS

#ctxMenu{
    display:none;
    z-index:100;
}
menu {
    position:absolute;
    display:block;
    left:0px;
    top:0px;
    height:20px;
    width:20px;
    padding:0;
    margin:0;
    border:1px solid;
    background-color:white;
    font-weight:normal;
    white-space:nowrap;
}
menu:hover{
    background-color:#eef;
    font-weight:bold;
}
menu:hover > menu{
    display:block;
}
menu > menu{
    display:none;
    position:relative;
    top:-20px;
    left:100%;
    width:55px;
}
menu[title]:before{
    content:attr(title);
}
menu:not([title]):before{
    content:"\2630";
}

The JavaScript is just for this example, I personally remove it for persistent menus on windows

var notepad = document.getElementById("notepad");
notepad.addEventListener("contextmenu",function(event){
    event.preventDefault();
    var ctxMenu = document.getElementById("ctxMenu");
    ctxMenu.style.display = "block";
    ctxMenu.style.left = (event.pageX - 10)+"px";
    ctxMenu.style.top = (event.pageY - 10)+"px";
},false);
notepad.addEventListener("click",function(event){
    var ctxMenu = document.getElementById("ctxMenu");
    ctxMenu.style.display = "";
    ctxMenu.style.left = "";
    ctxMenu.style.top = "";
},false);

Also note, you can potentially modify menu > menu{left:100%;} to menu > menu{right:100%;} for a menu that expands from right to left. You would need to add a margin or something somewhere though

Answer

According to the answers here and on other 'flows, I've made a version that looks like the one of Google Chrome, with css3 transition. JS Fiddle

Lets start eazy, since we have the js above on this page, we can worry about the css and layout. The layout that we will be using is an <a> element with a <img> element or a font awesome icon (<i class="fa fa-flag"></i>) and a <span> to show the keyboard shortcuts. So this is the structure:

<a href="#" onclick="doSomething()">
  <img src="path/to/image.gif" />
  This is a menu option
  <span>Ctrl + K</span>
</a>

We will put these in a div and show that div on the right-click. Let's style them like in Google Chrome, shall we?

#menu a {
  display: block;
  color: #555;
  text-decoration: no[...]

Now we will add the code from the accepted answer, and get the X and Y value of the cursor. To do this, we will use e.clientX and e.clientY. We are using client, so the menu div has to be fixed.

var i = document.getElementById("menu").style;
if (document.addEventListener) {
  document.addEventListener('contextmenu', function(e) {
    var posX = e.clientX;
    var posY = e.client[...]

And that is it! Just add the css transisions to fade in and out, and done!

var i = document.getElementById("menu").style;
if (document.addEventListener) {
  document.addEventListener('contextmenu', function(e) {
    var posX = e.clientX;
    var posY = e.clientY;
    menu(posX, posY);
    e.preventDefault();
  }, false);
  document.addEventListener('click', function(e) {
    i.opacity = "0";
    setTimeout(function() {
      i.visibility = "hidden";
    }, 501);
  }, false);
} else {
  document.attachEvent('oncontextmenu', function(e) {
    var posX = e.clientX;
    var posY = e.clientY;
    menu(posX, posY);
    e.preventDefault();
  });
  document.attachEvent('onclick', function(e) {
    i.opacity = "0";
    setTimeout(function() {
      i.visibility = "hidden";
    }, 501);
  });
}

function menu(x, y) {
  i.top = y + "px";
  i.left = x + "px";
  i.visibility = "visible";
  i.opacity = "1";
}
body {
  background: white;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  color: #5e5e5e;
}

#menu {
  visibility: hidden;
  opacity: 0;
  position: fixed;
  background: #fff;
  color: #555;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  font-size: 11px;
  -webkit-transition: opacity .5s ease-in-out;
  -moz-transition: opacity .5s ease-in-out;
  -ms-transition: opacity .5s ease-in-out;
  -o-transition: opacity .5s ease-in-out;
  transition: opacity .5s ease-in-out;
  -webkit-box-shadow: 2px 2px 2px 0px rgba(143, 144, 145, 1);
  -moz-box-shadow: 2px 2px 2px 0px rgba(143, 144, 145, 1);
  box-shadow: 2px 2px 2px 0px rgba(143, 144, 145, 1);
  padding: 0px;
  border: 1px solid #C6C6C6;
}

#menu a {
  display: block;
  color: #555;
  text-decoration: none;
  padding: 6px 8px 6px 30px;
  width: 250px;
  position: relative;
}

#menu a img,
#menu a i.fa {
  height: 20px;
  font-size: 17px;
  width: 20px;
  position: absolute;
  left: 5px;
  top: 2px;
}

#menu a span {
  color: #BCB1B3;
  float: right;
}

#menu a:hover {
  color: #fff;
  background: #3879D9;
}

#menu hr {
  border: 1px solid #EBEBEB;
  border-bottom: 0;
}
<link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/font-awesome/4.5.0/css/font-awesome.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/>
<h2>CSS3 and JAVASCRIPT custom menu.</h2>
<em>Stephan Stanisic | Lisence free</em>
<p>Right-click anywhere on this page to open the custom menu. Styled like the Google Chrome contextmenu. And yes, you can use <i class="fa fa-flag"></i>font-awesome</p>
<p style="font-size: small">
  <b>Lisence</b>
  <br /> "THE PIZZA-WARE LICENSE" (Revision 42):
  <br /> You can do whatever you want with this stuff. If we meet some day, and you think this stuff is worth it, you can buy me a Pizza in return.
  <br />
  <a style="font-size:xx-small" href="https://github.com/KLVN/UrbanDictionary_API#license">https://github.com/KLVN/UrbanDictionary_API#license</a>
</p>
<br />
<br />
<small>(The white body background is just because I hate the light blue editor background on the result on jsfiddle)</small>
<div id="menu">
  <a href="#">
    <img src="http://puu.sh/nr60s/42df867bf3.png" /> AdBlock Plus <span>Ctrl + ?!</span>
  </a>
  <a href="#">
    <img src="http://puu.sh/nr5Z6/4360098fc1.png" /> SNTX <span>Ctrl + ?!</span>
  </a>
  <hr />
  <a href="#">
    <i class="fa fa-fort-awesome"></i> Fort Awesome <span>Ctrl + ?!</span>
  </a>
  <a href="#">
    <i class="fa fa-flag"></i> Font Awesome <span>Ctrl + ?!</span>
  </a>
</div>

Answer

You could try simply blocking the context menu by adding the following to your body tag:

<body oncontextmenu="return false;">

This will block all access to the context menu (not just from the right mouse button but from the keyboard as well).

P.S. you can add this to any tag you want to disable the context menu on

for example:

<div class="mydiv" oncontextmenu="return false;">

Will disable the context menu in that particular div only

Answer
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<head>

<title>Context menu - LabLogic.net</title>

</head>
<body>

<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">

document.oncontextmenu=RightMouseDown;
document.onmousedown = mouseDown; 



function mouseDown(e) {
    if (e.which==3) {//righClick
        alert("Right-click menu goes here");
    }
}


function RightMouseDown() { return false; }

</script>

</body>
</html>

Tested and works in Opera 11.6, firefox 9.01, Internet Explorer 9 and chrome 17 You can check out a working sample at javascript right click menu

Answer

I know this has already been answered, but I spent some time wrestling with the second answer to get the native context menu to disappear and have it show up where the user clicked.
HTML

<body>
    <div id="test1">
        <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Google</a>
        <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Link 2</a>
        <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Link 3</a>
        <a href="www.google.com" class="test">Link 4</a>
    </div>

    <!-- initially hidden right-click menu -->
    <div class="hide" id="rmenu">
        <ul>
            <li class="White">White</li>
            <li>Green</li>
            <li>Yellow</li>
            <li>Orange</li>
            <li>Red</li>
            <li>Blue</li>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>

CSS

.hide {
  display: none;
}

#rmenu {
  border: 1px solid black;
  background-color: white;
}

#rmenu ul {
  padding: 0;
  list-style: none;
}
#rmenu li
{
  list-style: none;
  padding-left: 5px;
  padding-right: 5px;
}

JavaScript

if (document.getElementById('test1').addEventListener) {
    document.getElementById('test1').addEventListener('contextmenu', function(e) {
            $("#rmenu").toggleClass("hide");
            $("#rmenu").css(
              {
                position: "absolute",
                top: e.pageY,
                left: e.pageX
              }
            );
            e.preventDefault();
     }, false);
}

// this is from another SO post...  
$(document).bind("click", function(event) {
  document.getElementById("rmenu").className = "hide";
});

CodePen Example

Answer

Try This

$(function() {
var doubleClicked = false;
$(document).on("contextmenu", function (e) {
if(doubleClicked == false) {
e.preventDefault(); // To prevent the default context menu.
var windowHeight = $(window).height()/2;
var windowWidth = $(window).width()/2;
if(e.clientY > windowHeight && e.clientX <= windowWidth) {
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("left", e.clientX);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("bottom", $(window).height()-e.clientY);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("right", "auto");
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("top", "auto");
} else if(e.clientY > windowHeight && e.clientX > windowWidth) {
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("right", $(window).width()-e.clientX);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("bottom", $(window).height()-e.clientY);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("left", "auto");
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("top", "auto");
} else if(e.clientY <= windowHeight && e.clientX <= windowWidth) {
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("left", e.clientX);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("top", e.clientY);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("right", "auto");
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("bottom", "auto");
} else {
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("right", $(window).width()-e.clientX);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("top", e.clientY);
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("left", "auto");
  $("#contextMenuContainer").css("bottom", "auto");
}
 $("#contextMenuContainer").fadeIn(500, FocusContextOut());
  doubleClicked = true;
} else {
  e.preventDefault();
  doubleClicked = false;
  $("#contextMenuContainer").fadeOut(500);
}
});
function FocusContextOut() {
 $(document).on("click", function () {
   doubleClicked = false; 
   $("#contextMenuContainer").fadeOut(500);
   $(document).off("click");           
 });
}
});

http://jsfiddle.net/AkshayBandivadekar/zakn7Lwb/14/

Answer

Pure JS and css solution for a truly dynamic right click context menu, albeit based on pre-defined naming conventions for the elements id, links etc. jsfiddle and the code you could copy paste into a single static html page :

     <html>
     <head>
        <style>
           .cls-context-menu-link {
               display:block;
               padding:20px;
               background:#ECECEC;
           }

           .cls-context-menu { position:absolute; display:none; }

           .cls-context-menu ul, #context-menu li {
               list-style:none;
               margin:0; padding:0;
               background:white;
           }

           .cls-context-menu { border:solid 1px #CCC;}
           .cls-context-menu li { border-bottom:solid 1px #CCC; }
           .cls-context-menu li:last-child { border:none; }
           .cls-context-menu li a {
               display:block;
               padding:5px 10px;
               text-decoration:none;
               color:blue;
           }
           .cls-context-menu li a:hover {
               background:blue;
               color:#FFF;
           }
        </style>
     </head>

     <body>

           <!-- those are the links which should present the dynamic context menu -->
           <a id="link-1" href="#" class="cls-context-menu-link">right click link-01</a>
           <a id="link-2" href="#" class="cls-context-menu-link">right click link-02</a>

           <!-- this is the context menu -->
           <!-- note the string to=0 where the 0 is the digit to be replaced -->
           <div id="div-context-menu" class="cls-context-menu">
               <ul>
                   <li><a href="#to=0">link-to=0 -item-1 </a></li>
                   <li><a href="#to=0">link-to=0 -item-2 </a></li>
                   <li><a href="#to=0">link-to=0 -item-3 </a></li>
               </ul>
           </div>

        <script>
           var rgtClickContextMenu = document.getElementById('div-context-menu');

           /** close the right click context menu on click anywhere else in the page*/
           document.onclick = function(e){
               rgtClickContextMenu.style.display = 'none';
           }

           /**
            present the right click context menu ONLY for the elements having the right class
            by replacing the 0 or any digit after the "to-" string with the element id , which
            triggered the event
           */
           document.oncontextmenu = function(e){
              //alert(e.target.id)
              var elmnt = e.target
              if ( elmnt.className.startsWith ( "cls-context-menu")) {
                 e.preventDefault();
                 var eid = elmnt.id.replace(/link-/,"")
                 rgtClickContextMenu.style.left = e.pageX + 'px'
                 rgtClickContextMenu.style.top = e.pageY + 'px'
                 rgtClickContextMenu.style.display = 'block'
                 var toRepl = "to=" + eid.toString()
                 rgtClickContextMenu.innerHTML = rgtClickContextMenu.innerHTML.replace(/to=\d+/g,toRepl)
                 //alert(rgtClickContextMenu.innerHTML.toString())
              }
           }

        </script>
     </body>
     </html>
Answer

Here is a very good tutorial on how to build a custom context menu with a full working code example (without JQuery and other libraries).

You can also find their demo code on GitHub.

They give a detailed step-by-step explanation that you can follow along to build your own right-click context menu (including html, css and javascript code) and summarize it at the end by giving the complete example code.

You can follow along easily and adapt it to your own needs. And there is no need for JQuery or other libraries.

This is how their example menu code looks like:

<nav id="context-menu" class="context-menu">
    <ul class="context-menu__items">
      <li class="context-menu__item">
        <a href="#" class="context-menu__link" data-action="View"><i class="fa fa-eye"></i> View Task</a>
      </li>
      <li class="context-menu__item">
        <a href="#" class="context-menu__link" data-action="Edit"><i class="fa fa-edit"></i> Edit Task</a>
      </li>
      <li class="context-menu__item">
        <a href="#" class="context-menu__link" data-action="Delete"><i class="fa fa-times"></i> Delete Task</a>
      </li>
    </ul>
  </nav>

A working example (task list) can be found on codepen.

Answer

You can do it with this code. visit here for full tutorial with automatic edge detection http://www.voidtricks.com/custom-right-click-context-menu/

$(document).ready(function () {
 $("html").on("contextmenu",function(e){
        //prevent default context menu for right click
        e.preventDefault();

        var menu = $(".menu"); 

        //hide menu if already shown
        menu.hide(); 

        //get x and y values of the click event
        var pageX = e.pageX;
        var pageY = e.pageY;

        //position menu div near mouse cliked area
        menu.css({top: pageY , left: pageX});

        var mwidth = menu.width();
        var mheight = menu.height();
        var screenWidth = $(window).width();
        var screenHeight = $(window).height();

        //if window is scrolled
        var scrTop = $(window).scrollTop();

        //if the menu is close to right edge of the window
        if(pageX+mwidth > screenWidth){
        menu.css({left:pageX-mwidth});
        }

        //if the menu is close to bottom edge of the window
        if(pageY+mheight > screenHeight+scrTop){
        menu.css({top:pageY-mheight});
        }

        //finally show the menu
        menu.show();
 }); 

 $("html").on("click", function(){
 $(".menu").hide();
 });
 });

`

Answer
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
  document.oncontextmenu = RightMouseDown; 
  document.onmousedown = mouseDown; 

  function mouseDown(e) {
    if (e.which==3) {//righClick
      alert("Right-click menu goes here");
    } 
  }

  function RightMouseDown() { 
    return false; 
  }
</script>
</body> 
</html>
Answer

A simple way you could do it is use onContextMenu to return a JavaScript function:

<input type="button" value="Example" onContextMenu="return RightClickFunction();">

<script>
 function RightClickFunction() {
  // Enter your code here;
  return false;
 }
</script>

And by entering return false; you will cancel out the context menu.

if you still want to display the context menu you can just remove the return false; line.

Answer

Tested and works in Opera 12.17, firefox 30, Internet Explorer 9 and chrome 26.0.1410.64

document.oncontextmenu =function( evt ){
        alert("OK?");
        return false;
        }
Answer

You should remember if you want to use the Firefox only solution, if you want to add it to the whole document you should add contextmenu="mymenu" to the <html> tag not to the body tag.
You should pay attention to this.

Answer
<html>
<head>
<style>
.rightclick {
    /* YOUR CONTEXTMENU'S CSS */
    visibility: hidden;
    background-color: white;
    border: 1px solid grey;
    width: 200px;
    height: 300px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
  <div class="rightclick" id="ya">
    <p onclick="alert('choc-a-late')">I like chocolate</p><br><p onclick="awe-so-me">I AM AWESOME</p>
  </div>
  <p>Right click to get sweet results!</p>
</body>
<script>
    document.onclick = noClick;
    document.oncontextmenu = rightClick;
    function rightClick(e) {
        e = e || window.event;
        e.preventDefault();
        document.getElementById("ya").style.visibility = "visible";
        console.log("Context Menu v1.3.0 by IamGuest opened.");
   }
function noClick() {
    document.getElementById("ya").style.visibility = "hidden";
    console.log("Context Menu v1.3.0 by IamGuest closed.");
}
</script>
<!-- Coded by IamGuest. Thank you for using this code! -->
</html>

You can tweak and modify this code to make a better looking, more efficient contextmenu. As for modifying an existing contextmenu, I'm not sure how to do that... Check out this fiddle for an organized point of view. Also, try clicking the items in my contextmenu. They should alert you a few awesome messages. If they don't work, try something more... complex.

Answer
<script>
function fun(){
document.getElementById('menu').style.display="block";
}

</script>
<div id="menu" style="display: none"> menu items</div>

<body oncontextmenu="fun();return false;">

What I'm doing up here

  1. Creat your own custom div menu and set the position: absolute and display:none in case.
  2. Add to the page or element to be clicked the oncontextmenu event.
  3. Cancel the default browser action with return false.
  4. User js to invoke your own actions.

Answer

I use something similar to the following jsfiddle

function onright(el, cb) {
    //disable right click
    document.body.oncontextmenu = 'return false';
    el.addEventListener('contextmenu', function (e) { e.preventDefault(); return false });
    el.addEventListener('mousedown', function (e) {
        e = e || window.event;
        if (~~(e.button) === 2) {
            if (e.preventDefault) {
                e.preventDefault();
            } else {
                e.returnValue = false;
            }
            return false;
        }
    });

    // then bind Your cb
    el.addEventListener('mousedown', function (e) {
        e = e || window.event;
        ~~(e.button) === 2 && cb.call(el, e);
    });
}

if You target older IE browsers you should anyway complete it with the ' attachEvent; case

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