How do you sort an array on multiple columns?

I have a multidimensional array. The primary array is an array of

[publicationID][publication_name][ownderID][owner_name] 

What I am trying to do is sort the array by owner_name and then by publication_name. I know in JavaScript you have Array.sort(), into which you can put a custom function, in my case i have:

function mysortfunction(a, b) {
    var x = a[3].toLowerCase();
    var y = b[3].toLowerCase();

    return ((x < y) ? -1 : ((x > y) ? 1 : 0));
}

This is fine for just sorting on the one column, namely owner_name, but how do I modify it to sort on owner_name, then publication_name?

Answers:

Answer

If owner names differ, sort by them. Otherwise, use publication name for tiebreaker.

function mysortfunction(a, b) {

  var o1 = a[3].toLowerCase();
  var o2 = b[3].toLowerCase();

  var p1 = a[1].toLowerCase();
  var p2 = b[1].toLowerCase();

  if (o1 < o2) return -1;
  if (o1 > o2) return 1;
  if (p1 < p2) return -1;
  if (p1 > p2) return 1;
  return 0;
}
Answer

I think what you're looking for is thenBy.js: https://github.com/Teun/thenBy.js

It allows you to use the standard Array.sort, but with firstBy().thenBy().thenBy() style.

An example can be seen here.

Answer

A good way to sort on many fields that are strings is to use toLocaleCompare and the boolean operator ||.

Something like:

// Sorting record releases by name and then by title.
releases.sort((oldRelease, newRelease) => {
  const compareName = oldRelease.name.localeCompare(newRelease.name);
  const compareTitle = oldRelease.title.localeCompare(newRelease.title);

  return compareName || compareTitle;
})

If you wanted to sort on more fields, you could simply chain them off the return statement with more boolean operators.

Answer

Came across a need to do SQL-style mixed asc and desc object array sorts by keys.

kennebec's solution above helped me get to this:

Array.prototype.keySort = function(keys) {

keys = keys || {};

// via
// https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5223/length-of-javascript-object-ie-associative-array
var obLen = function(obj) {
    var size = 0, key;
    for (key in obj) {
        if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key))
            size++;
    }
    return size;
};

// avoiding using Object.keys because I guess did it have IE8 issues?
// else var obIx = function(obj, ix){ return Object.keys(obj)[ix]; } or
// whatever
var obIx = function(obj, ix) {
    var size = 0, key;
    for (key in obj) {
        if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
            if (size == ix)
                return key;
            size++;
        }
    }
    return false;
};

var keySort = function(a, b, d) {
    d = d !== null ? d : 1;
    // a = a.toLowerCase(); // this breaks numbers
    // b = b.toLowerCase();
    if (a == b)
        return 0;
    return a > b ? 1 * d : -1 * d;
};

var KL = obLen(keys);

if (!KL)
    return this.sort(keySort);

for ( var k in keys) {
    // asc unless desc or skip
    keys[k] = 
            keys[k] == 'desc' || keys[k] == -1  ? -1 
          : (keys[k] == 'skip' || keys[k] === 0 ? 0 
          : 1);
}

this.sort(function(a, b) {
    var sorted = 0, ix = 0;

    while (sorted === 0 && ix < KL) {
        var k = obIx(keys, ix);
        if (k) {
            var dir = keys[k];
            sorted = keySort(a[k], b[k], dir);
            ix++;
        }
    }
    return sorted;
});
return this;
};

sample usage:

var obja = [
  {USER:"bob",  SCORE:2000, TIME:32,    AGE:16, COUNTRY:"US"},
  {USER:"jane", SCORE:4000, TIME:35,    AGE:16, COUNTRY:"DE"},
  {USER:"tim",  SCORE:1000, TIME:30,    AGE:17, COUNTRY:"UK"},
  {USER:"mary", SCORE:1500, TIME:31,    AGE:19, COUNTRY:"PL"},
  {USER:"joe",  SCORE:2500, TIME:33,    AGE:18, COUNTRY:"US"},
  {USER:"sally",    SCORE:2000, TIME:30,    AGE:16, COUNTRY:"CA"},
  {USER:"yuri", SCORE:3000, TIME:34,    AGE:19, COUNTRY:"RU"},
  {USER:"anita",    SCORE:2500, TIME:32,    AGE:17, COUNTRY:"LV"},
  {USER:"mark", SCORE:2000, TIME:30,    AGE:18, COUNTRY:"DE"},
  {USER:"amy",  SCORE:1500, TIME:29,    AGE:19, COUNTRY:"UK"}
];

var sorto = {
  SCORE:"desc",TIME:"asc", AGE:"asc"
};

obja.keySort(sorto);

yields the following:

 0: {     USER: jane;     SCORE: 4000;    TIME: 35;       AGE: 16;    COUNTRY: DE;   }
 1: {     USER: yuri;     SCORE: 3000;    TIME: 34;       AGE: 19;    COUNTRY: RU;   }
 2: {     USER: anita;    SCORE: 2500;    TIME: 32;       AGE: 17;    COUNTRY: LV;   }
 3: {     USER: joe;      SCORE: 2500;    TIME: 33;       AGE: 18;    COUNTRY: US;   }
 4: {     USER: sally;    SCORE: 2000;    TIME: 30;       AGE: 16;    COUNTRY: CA;   }
 5: {     USER: mark;     SCORE: 2000;    TIME: 30;       AGE: 18;    COUNTRY: DE;   }
 6: {     USER: bob;      SCORE: 2000;    TIME: 32;       AGE: 16;    COUNTRY: US;   }
 7: {     USER: amy;      SCORE: 1500;    TIME: 29;       AGE: 19;    COUNTRY: UK;   }
 8: {     USER: mary;     SCORE: 1500;    TIME: 31;       AGE: 19;    COUNTRY: PL;   }
 9: {     USER: tim;      SCORE: 1000;    TIME: 30;       AGE: 17;    COUNTRY: UK;   }
 keySort: {  }

(using a print function from here)

here is a jsbin example.

edit: cleaned up and posted as mksort.js on github.

Answer

This is handy for alpha sorts of all sizes. Pass it the indexes you want to sort by, in order, as arguments.

Array.prototype.deepSortAlpha= function(){
    var itm, L=arguments.length, order=arguments;

    var alphaSort= function(a, b){
        a= a.toLowerCase();
        b= b.toLowerCase();
        if(a== b) return 0;
        return a> b? 1:-1;
    }
    if(!L) return this.sort(alphaSort);

    this.sort(function(a, b){
        var tem= 0,  indx=0;
        while(tem==0 && indx<L){
            itm=order[indx];
            tem= alphaSort(a[itm], b[itm]); 
            indx+=1;        
        }
        return tem;
    });
    return this;
}

var arr= [[ "Nilesh","Karmshil"], ["Pranjal","Deka"], ["Susants","Ghosh"],
["Shiv","Shankar"], ["Javid","Ghosh"], ["Shaher","Banu"], ["Javid","Rashid"]];

arr.deepSortAlpha(1,0);
Answer

I suggest to use a built in comparer and chain the wanted sort order with logical or ||.

function customSort(a, b) {
    return a[3].localeCompare(b[3]) || a[1].localeCompare(b[1]);
}

Working example:

var array = [
    [0, 'Aluminium', 0, 'Francis'],
    [1, 'Argon', 1, 'Ada'],
    [2, 'Brom', 2, 'John'],
    [3, 'Cadmium', 3, 'Marie'],
    [4, 'Fluor', 3, 'Marie'],
    [5, 'Gold', 1, 'Ada'],
    [6, 'Kupfer', 4, 'Ines'],
    [7, 'Krypton', 4, 'Joe'],
    [8, 'Sauerstoff', 3, 'Marie'],
    [9, 'Zink', 5, 'Max']
];

array.sort(function (a, b) {
    return a[3].localeCompare(b[3]) || a[1].localeCompare(b[1]);
});

document.write('<pre>');
array.forEach(function (a) {
    document.write(JSON.stringify(a) + '<br>');
});

Answer

You could concat the 2 variables together into a sortkey and use that for your comparison.

list.sort(function(a,b){
   var aCat = a.var1 + a.var2;
   var bCat = b.var1 + b.var2;
   return (aCat > bCat ? 1 : aCat < bCat ? -1 : 0);
});
Answer

I found multisotr. This is simple, powerfull and small library for multiple sorting. I was need to sort an array of objects with dynamics sorting criteria:

const criteria = ['name', 'speciality']
const data = [
  { name: 'Mike', speciality: 'JS', age: 22 },
  { name: 'Tom', speciality: 'Java', age: 30 },
  { name: 'Mike', speciality: 'PHP', age: 40 },
  { name: 'Abby', speciality: 'Design', age: 20 },
]

const sorted = multisort(data, criteria)

console.log(sorted)
<script src="https://cdn.rawgit.com/peterkhayes/multisort/master/multisort.js"></script>

This library more mutch powerful, that was my case. Try it.

Answer

I was working with ng-grid and needed to to multiple column sorting on an array of records returned from an API, so I came up with this nifty, dynamic multi-sort function.

First of all, ng-grid fires an "event" for "ngGridSorted" and passes this structure back, describing the sort:

sortData = {
    columns:    DOM Element,
    directions: [], //Array of string values desc or asc. Each index relating to the same index of fields
    fields:     [], //Array of string values
};

So I built a function that will dynamically generate a sort function based on the sortData as shown above (Don't be scared by the scroll bar! It's only about 50 lines long! Also, I'm sorry about the slop. It prevented a horizontal scrollbar!):

function SortingFunction(sortData)
{
    this.sortData = sortData;

    this.sort = function(a, b)
    {
        var retval = 0;

        if(this.sortData.fields.length)
        {
            var i = 0;

            /*
                Determine if there is a column that both entities (a and b)
                have that are not exactly equal. The first one that we find
                will be the column we sort on. If a valid column is not
                located, then we will return 0 (equal).
            */
            while(  (   !a.hasOwnProperty(this.sortData.fields[i]) 
                    ||  !b.hasOwnProperty(this.sortData.fields[i]) 
                    ||  (a.hasOwnProperty(this.sortData.fields[i]) 
                        && b.hasOwnProperty(this.sortData.fields[i]) 
                        && a[this.sortData.fields[i]] === b[this.sortData.fields[i]])
                    ) && i < this.sortData.fields.length){
                i++;
            }

            if(i < this.sortData.fields.length)
            {
                /*
                    A valid column was located for both entities
                    in the SortData. Now perform the sort.
                */
                if(this.sortData.directions 
                && i < this.sortData.directions.length 
                && this.sortData.directions[i] === 'desc')
                {
                    if(a[this.sortData.fields[i]] > b[this.sortData.fields[i]])
                        retval = -1;
                    else if(a[this.sortData.fields[i]] < b[this.sortData.fields[i]])
                        retval = 1;
                }
                else
                {
                    if(a[this.sortData.fields[i]] < b[this.sortData.fields[i]])
                        retval = -1;
                    else if(a[this.sortData.fields[i]] > b[this.sortData.fields[i]])
                        retval = 1;
                }
            }
        }

        return retval;
    }.bind(this);
}

I then sort the results of my API (results) like so:

results.sort(new SortingFunction(sortData).sort);

I hope somebody else enjoys this solution as much as I do! Thanks!

Answer
function multiSort() {

    var args =$.makeArray( arguments ),
        sortOrder=1, prop='', aa='',  b='';

    return function (a, b) {

       for (var i=0; i<args.length; i++){

         if(args[i][0]==='-'){
            prop=args[i].substr(1)
            sortOrder=-1
         }
         else{sortOrder=1; prop=args[i]}

         aa = a[prop].toLowerCase()
         bb = b[prop].toLowerCase()

         if (aa < bb) return -1 * sortOrder;
         if (aa > bb) return 1 * sortOrder;

       }

       return 0
    }

}
empArray.sort(multiSort( 'lastname','firstname')) Reverse with '-lastname'
Answer

I had a similar problem while displaying memory pool blocks from the output of some virtual DOM h-functions composition. Basically I faced to the same problem as sorting multi-criteria data like scoring results from players around the world.

I have noticed that multi-criteria sorting is:

- sort by the first column
- if equal, sort by the second
- if equal, sort by the third
-  etc... nesting and nesting if-else

And if you don't care, you could fail quickly in a if-else nesting hell... like callback hell of promises...

What about if we write a "predicate" function to decide if which part of alternative using ? The predicate is simply :

// useful for chaining test
const decide = (test, other) => test === 0 ? other : test

Now after having written your classifying tests (byCountrySize, byAge, byGameType, byScore, byLevel...) whatever who need, you can weight your tests (1 = asc, -1 = desc, 0 = disable), put them in an array, and apply a reducing 'decide' function like this:

const multisort = (s1, s2) => {
  const bcs = -1 * byCountrySize(s1, s2) // -1 = desc 
  const ba =  1 *byAge(s1, s2)
  const bgt = 0 * byGameType(s1, s2) // 0 = doesn't matter
  const bs = 1 * byScore(s1, s2)
  const bl = -1 * byLevel(s1, s2) // -1 = desc

  // ... other weights and criterias

  // array order matters !
  return [bcs, ba, bgt, bs, bl].reduce((acc, val) => decide(val, acc), 0)
}

// invoke [].sort with custom sort...
scores.sort(multisort)

And voila ! It's up to you to define your own criterias / weights / orders... but you get the idea. Hope this helps !

EDIT: * ensure that there is a total sorting order on each column * be aware of not having dependencies between columns orders, and no circular dependencies

if, not, sorting can be unstable !

Answer

Try this:

t.sort( (a,b)=> a[3].localeCompare(b[3]) || a[1].localeCompare(b[1]) );

let t = [
    //[publicationID, publication_name, ownderID, owner_name ]
    [1, 'ZBC', 3, 'John Smith'],
    [2, 'FBC', 5, 'Mike Tyson'],
    [3, 'ABC', 7, 'Donald Duck'],
    [4, 'DBC', 1, 'Michael Jackson'],
    [5, 'XYZ', 2, 'Michael Jackson'],
    [6, 'BBC', 4, 'Michael Jackson'],
  ]; 
  
  // owner_name subarrray index = 3
  // publication_name subarrray index = 1

t.sort( (a,b)=> a[3].localeCompare(b[3]) || a[1].localeCompare(b[1]) );

console.log(t.join('\n'));

I assume that your data in array let t = [ [publicationID, publication_name, ownderID, owner_name ], ... ] where index of owner_name = 3 and publication_name =1.

Answer

My own library for working with ES6 iterables (blinq) allows (among other things) easy multi-level sorting

const blinq = window.blinq.blinq
// or import { blinq } from 'blinq'
// or const { blinq } = require('blinq')
const dates = [{
    day: 1, month: 10, year: 2000
  },
  {
    day: 1, month: 1, year: 2000
  },
  {
    day: 2, month: 1, year: 2000
  },
  {
    day: 1, month: 1, year: 1999
  },
  {
    day: 1, month: 1, year: 2000
  }
]
const sortedDates = blinq(dates)
  .orderBy(x => x.year)
  .thenBy(x => x.month)
  .thenBy(x => x.day);

console.log(sortedDates.toArray())
// or console.log([...sortedDates])
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]"></script>

Answer

Sourced from GitHub

function sortMethodAsc(a, b) {
    return a == b ? 0 : a > b ? 1 : -1;
}

function sortMethodWithDirection(direction) { 
    if (direction === undefined || direction == "asc") {
        return sortMethodAsc;
    } else {
        return function(a, b) {
            return -sortMethodAsc(a, b);
        } 
    }
}

function sortMethodWithDirectionByColumn(columnName, direction){   
    const sortMethod = sortMethodWithDirection(direction)
    return function(a, b){
        return sortMethod(a[columnName], b[columnName]);
    } 
}

function sortMethodWithDirectionMultiColumn(sortArray) {
    //sample of sortArray
    // sortArray = [
    //     { column: "column5", direction: "asc" },
    //     { column: "column3", direction: "desc" }
    // ]
    const sortMethodsForColumn = (sortArray || []).map( item => sortMethodWithDirectionByColumn(item.column, item.direction) );
    return function(a,b) {
        let sorted = 0;
        let index = 0;
        while (sorted === 0 && index < sortMethodsForColumn.length) {
            sorted = sortMethodsForColumn[index++](a,b);
        }
        return sorted;
    }
} 

//=============================================
//=============================================
//=============================================
//test

var data = [
    {"CountryName":"Aruba","CountryCode":"ABW","GNI":280},{
        "CountryName":"Afghanistan","CountryCode":"ABW","GNI":280},{"CountryName":"Angola","CountryCode":"AGO","GNI":280},{"CountryName":"Albania","CountryCode":"ALB","GNI":4320},
        {"CountryName":"Arab World","CountryCode":"ARB","GNI":280},{"CountryName":"United Arab Emirates","CountryCode":"ARE","GNI":39130},
        {"CountryName":"Argentina","CountryCode":"ARG","GNI":13030},{"CountryName":"Armenia","CountryCode":"ARM","GNI":3990},{"CountryName":"American Samoa","CountryCode":"ASM","GNI":280},
        {"CountryName":"Antigua and Barbuda","CountryCode":"ATG","GNI":13810},{"CountryName":"Australia","CountryCode":"AUS","GNI":51360},
        {"CountryName":"Austria","CountryCode":"AUT","GNI":45440},{"CountryName":"Azerbaijan","CountryCode":"AZE","GNI":4080},{"CountryName":"Burundi","CountryCode":"BDI","GNI":280},
        {"CountryName":"Belgium","CountryCode":"BEL","GNI":41790},{"CountryName":"Benin","CountryCode":"BEN","GNI":800},{"CountryName":"Burkina Faso","CountryCode":"BFA","GNI":590},
        {"CountryName":"Bangladesh","CountryCode":"BGD","GNI":1470},{"CountryName":"Bulgaria","CountryCode":"BGR","GNI":7860},{"CountryName":"Bahrain","CountryCode":"BHR","GNI":21150},
        {"CountryName":"Bosnia and Herzegovina","CountryCode":"BIH","GNI":4910},{"CountryName":"Belarus","CountryCode":"BLR","GNI":5280},
        {"CountryName":"Belize","CountryCode":"BLZ","GNI":4390},{"CountryName":"Bolivia","CountryCode":"BOL","GNI":3130},{"CountryName":"Brazil","CountryCode":"BRA","GNI":8600},
        {"CountryName":"Barbados","CountryCode":"BRB","GNI":15270},{"CountryName":"Brunei Darussalam","CountryCode":"BRN","GNI":29600},
        {"CountryName":"Bhutan","CountryCode":"BTN","GNI":2660},{"CountryName":"Botswana","CountryCode":"BWA","GNI":6730},
        {"CountryName":"Central African Republic","CountryCode":"CAF","GNI":390},{"CountryName":"Canada","CountryCode":"CAN","GNI":42870},
        {"CountryName":"Central Europe and the Baltics","CountryCode":"CEB","GNI":13009},{"CountryName":"Switzerland","CountryCode":"CHE","GNI":80560},
        {"CountryName":"Chile","CountryCode":"CHL","GNI":13610},{"CountryName":"China","CountryCode":"CHN","GNI":8690},{"CountryName":"Cote d'Ivoire","CountryCode":"CIV","GNI":1580},
        {"CountryName":"Cameroon","CountryCode":"CMR","GNI":1370},{"CountryName":"Colombia","CountryCode":"COL","GNI":5890},{"CountryName":"Comoros","CountryCode":"COM","GNI":1280},
        {"CountryName":"Cabo Verde","CountryCode":"CPV","GNI":3030},{"CountryName":"Costa Rica","CountryCode":"CRI","GNI":11120},
        {"CountryName":"Caribbean small states","CountryCode":"CSS","GNI":8909},{"CountryName":"Cyprus","CountryCode":"CYP","GNI":23720},
        {"CountryName":"Czech Republic","CountryCode":"CZE","GNI":18160},{"CountryName":"Germany","CountryCode":"DEU","GNI":43490},
        {"CountryName":"Djibouti","CountryCode":"DJI","GNI":1880},{"CountryName":"Dominica","CountryCode":"DMA","GNI":6590},{"CountryName":"Denmark","CountryCode":"DNK","GNI":55220},
        {"CountryName":"Dominican Republic","CountryCode":"DOM","GNI":6630},{"CountryName":"Algeria","CountryCode":"DZA","GNI":3940},
        {"CountryName":"East Asia & Pacific (excluding high income)","CountryCode":"EAP","GNI":6987},{"CountryName":"Early-demographic dividend","CountryCode":"EAR","GNI":3352},
        {"CountryName":"East Asia & Pacific","CountryCode":"EAS","GNI":10171},{"CountryName":"Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income)","CountryCode":"ECA","GNI":7375},
        {"CountryName":"Europe & Central Asia","CountryCode":"ECS","GNI":22656},{"CountryName":"Ecuador","CountryCode":"ECU","GNI":5920},
        {"CountryName":"Euro area","CountryCode":"EMU","GNI":35645},{"CountryName":"Spain","CountryCode":"ESP","GNI":27180},{"CountryName":"Estonia","CountryCode":"EST","GNI":18190},
        {"CountryName":"Ethiopia","CountryCode":"ETH","GNI":740},{"CountryName":"European Union","CountryCode":"EUU","GNI":32784},
        {"CountryName":"Fragile and conflict affected situations","CountryCode":"FCS","GNI":1510},{"CountryName":"Finland","CountryCode":"FIN","GNI":44580},
        {"CountryName":"Fiji","CountryCode":"FJI","GNI":4970},{"CountryName":"France","CountryCode":"FRA","GNI":37970},{"CountryName":"Gabon","CountryCode":"GAB","GNI":6650},
        {"CountryName":"United Kingdom","CountryCode":"GBR","GNI":40530},{"CountryName":"Georgia","CountryCode":"GEO","GNI":3780},{"CountryName":"Ghana","CountryCode":"GHA","GNI":1880},
        {"CountryName":"Guinea","CountryCode":"GIN","GNI":790},{"CountryName":"Guinea-Bissau","CountryCode":"GNB","GNI":660},
        {"CountryName":"Equatorial Guinea","CountryCode":"GNQ","GNI":7050},{"CountryName":"Greece","CountryCode":"GRC","GNI":18090},
        {"CountryName":"Grenada","CountryCode":"GRD","GNI":9180},{"CountryName":"Guatemala","CountryCode":"GTM","GNI":4060},{"CountryName":"Guyana","CountryCode":"GUY","GNI":4500},
        {"CountryName":"High income","CountryCode":"HIC","GNI":40142},{"CountryName":"Honduras","CountryCode":"HND","GNI":2250},{"CountryName":"Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC)","CountryCode":"HPC","GNI":904},{"CountryName":"Croatia","CountryCode":"HRV","GNI":12570},{"CountryName":"Haiti","CountryCode":"HTI","GNI":760},{"CountryName":"Hungary","CountryCode":"HUN","GNI":12870},{"CountryName":"IBRD only","CountryCode":"IBD","GNI":5745},{"CountryName":"IDA & IBRD total","CountryCode":"IBT","GNI":4620},{"CountryName":"IDA total","CountryCode":"IDA","GNI":1313},{"CountryName":"IDA blend","CountryCode":"IDB","GNI":1791},
        {"CountryName":"Indonesia","CountryCode":"IDN","GNI":3540},{"CountryName":"IDA only","CountryCode":"IDX","GNI":1074},{"CountryName":"India","CountryCode":"IND","GNI":1800},{"CountryName":"Ireland","CountryCode":"IRL","GNI":55290},{"CountryName":"Iraq","CountryCode":"IRQ","GNI":4630},{"CountryName":"Iceland","CountryCode":"ISL","GNI":60830},{"CountryName":"Israel","CountryCode":"ISR","GNI":37270},{"CountryName":"Italy","CountryCode":"ITA","GNI":31020},{"CountryName":"Jamaica","CountryCode":"JAM","GNI":4760},{"CountryName":"Jordan","CountryCode":"JOR","GNI":3980},{"CountryName":"Japan","CountryCode":"JPN","GNI":38550},{"CountryName":"Kazakhstan","CountryCode":"KAZ","GNI":7970},{"CountryName":"Kenya","CountryCode":"KEN","GNI":1460},{"CountryName":"Kyrgyz Republic","CountryCode":"KGZ","GNI":1130},
        {"CountryName":"Cambodia","CountryCode":"KHM","GNI":1230},{"CountryName":"Kiribati","CountryCode":"KIR","GNI":3010},{"CountryName":"St. Kitts and Nevis","CountryCode":"KNA","GNI":16240},{"CountryName":"Kuwait","CountryCode":"KWT","GNI":31430},{"CountryName":"Latin America & Caribbean (excluding high income)","CountryCode":"LAC","GNI":7470},{"CountryName":"Lao PDR","CountryCode":"LAO","GNI":2270},{"CountryName":"Lebanon","CountryCode":"LBN","GNI":8400},{"CountryName":"Liberia","CountryCode":"LBR","GNI":620},{"CountryName":"Libya","CountryCode":"LBY","GNI":5500},{"CountryName":"St. Lucia","CountryCode":"LCA","GNI":8830},{"CountryName":"Latin America & Caribbean","CountryCode":"LCN","GNI":8251},{"CountryName":"Least developed countries: UN classification","CountryCode":"LDC","GNI":1011},{"CountryName":"Low income","CountryCode":"LIC","GNI":774},{"CountryName":"Sri Lanka","CountryCode":"LKA","GNI":3850},{"CountryName":"Lower middle income","CountryCode":"LMC","GNI":2118},{"CountryName":"Low & middle income","CountryCode":"LMY","GNI":4455},{"CountryName":"Lesotho","CountryCode":"LSO","GNI":1210},{"CountryName":"Late-demographic dividend","CountryCode":"LTE","GNI":8518},{"CountryName":"Lithuania","CountryCode":"LTU","GNI":15200},{"CountryName":"Luxembourg","CountryCode":"LUX","GNI":70260},{"CountryName":"Latvia","CountryCode":"LVA","GNI":14740},{"CountryName":"Morocco","CountryCode":"MAR","GNI":2860},{"CountryName":"Moldova","CountryCode":"MDA","GNI":2200},{"CountryName":"Madagascar","CountryCode":"MDG","GNI":400},{"CountryName":"Maldives","CountryCode":"MDV","GNI":9760},
        {"CountryName":"Middle East & North Africa","CountryCode":"MEA","GNI":7236},{"CountryName":"Mexico","CountryCode":"MEX","GNI":8610},{"CountryName":"Marshall Islands","CountryCode":"MHL","GNI":4840},{"CountryName":"Middle income","CountryCode":"MIC","GNI":4942},{"CountryName":"Mali","CountryCode":"MLI","GNI":770},
        {"CountryName":"Malta","CountryCode":"MLT","GNI":24080},{"CountryName":"Myanmar","CountryCode":"MMR","GNI":1210},{"CountryName":"Middle East & North Africa (excluding high income)","CountryCode":"MNA","GNI":3832},{"CountryName":"Montenegro","CountryCode":"MNE","GNI":7400},{"CountryName":"Mongolia","CountryCode":"MNG","GNI":3270},{"CountryName":"Mozambique","CountryCode":"MOZ","GNI":420},{"CountryName":"Mauritania","CountryCode":"MRT","GNI":1100},{"CountryName":"Mauritius","CountryCode":"MUS","GNI":10130},{"CountryName":"Malawi","CountryCode":"MWI","GNI":320},{"CountryName":"Malaysia","CountryCode":"MYS","GNI":9650},{"CountryName":"North America","CountryCode":"NAC","GNI":56721},{"CountryName":"Namibia","CountryCode":"NAM","GNI":4570},{"CountryName":"Niger","CountryCode":"NER","GNI":360},{"CountryName":"Nigeria","CountryCode":"NGA","GNI":2100},
        {"CountryName":"Nicaragua","CountryCode":"NIC","GNI":2130},{"CountryName":"Netherlands","CountryCode":"NLD","GNI":46180},{"CountryName":"Norway","CountryCode":"NOR","GNI":75990},{"CountryName":"Nepal","CountryCode":"NPL","GNI":800},{"CountryName":"Nauru","CountryCode":"NRU","GNI":10220},{"CountryName":"New Zealand","CountryCode":"NZL","GNI":38970},{"CountryName":"OECD members","CountryCode":"OED","GNI":37273},{"CountryName":"Oman","CountryCode":"OMN","GNI":14440},{"CountryName":"Other small states","CountryCode":"OSS","GNI":12199},{"CountryName":"Pakistan","CountryCode":"PAK","GNI":1580},{"CountryName":"Panama","CountryCode":"PAN","GNI":13280},{"CountryName":"Peru","CountryCode":"PER","GNI":5960},{"CountryName":"Philippines","CountryCode":"PHL","GNI":3660},{"CountryName":"Palau","CountryCode":"PLW","GNI":12700},{"CountryName":"Papua New Guinea","CountryCode":"PNG","GNI":2340},{"CountryName":"Poland","CountryCode":"POL","GNI":12730},{"CountryName":"Pre-demographic dividend","CountryCode":"PRE","GNI":1379},{"CountryName":"Portugal","CountryCode":"PRT","GNI":19820},{"CountryName":"Paraguay","CountryCode":"PRY","GNI":5470},{"CountryName":"West Bank and Gaza","CountryCode":"PSE","GNI":3180},{"CountryName":"Pacific island small states","CountryCode":"PSS","GNI":3793},{"CountryName":"Post-demographic dividend","CountryCode":"PST","GNI":41609},{"CountryName":"Qatar","CountryCode":"QAT","GNI":60510},{"CountryName":"Romania","CountryCode":"ROU","GNI":10000},{"CountryName":"Russian Federation","CountryCode":"RUS","GNI":9230},{"CountryName":"Rwanda","CountryCode":"RWA","GNI":720},{"CountryName":"South Asia","CountryCode":"SAS","GNI":1729},{"CountryName":"Saudi Arabia","CountryCode":"SAU","GNI":20090},{"CountryName":"Sudan","CountryCode":"SDN","GNI":2380},{"CountryName":"Senegal","CountryCode":"SEN","GNI":1240},{"CountryName":"Singapore","CountryCode":"SGP","GNI":54530},{"CountryName":"Solomon Islands","CountryCode":"SLB","GNI":1920},{"CountryName":"Sierra Leone","CountryCode":"SLE","GNI":510},{"CountryName":"El Salvador","CountryCode":"SLV","GNI":3560},{"CountryName":"Serbia","CountryCode":"SRB","GNI":5180},{"CountryName":"Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding high income)","CountryCode":"SSA","GNI":1485},{"CountryName":"Sub-Saharan Africa","CountryCode":"SSF","GNI":1486},{"CountryName":"Small states","CountryCode":"SST","GNI":11099},{"CountryName":"Sao Tome and Principe","CountryCode":"STP","GNI":1770},{"CountryName":"Suriname","CountryCode":"SUR","GNI":5150},{"CountryName":"Slovak Republic","CountryCode":"SVK","GNI":16610},{"CountryName":"Slovenia","CountryCode":"SVN","GNI":22000},{"CountryName":"Sweden","CountryCode":"SWE","GNI":52590},{"CountryName":"Eswatini","CountryCode":"SWZ","GNI":2950},{"CountryName":"Seychelles","CountryCode":"SYC","GNI":14170},{"CountryName":"Chad","CountryCode":"TCD","GNI":640},{"CountryName":"East Asia & Pacific (IDA & IBRD countries)","CountryCode":"TEA","GNI":7061},
        {"CountryName":"Europe & Central Asia (IDA & IBRD countries)","CountryCode":"TEC","GNI":7866},{"CountryName":"Togo","CountryCode":"TGO","GNI":610},{"CountryName":"Thailand","CountryCode":"THA","GNI":5950},{"CountryName":"Tajikistan","CountryCode":"TJK","GNI":990},{"CountryName":"Turkmenistan","CountryCode":"TKM","GNI":6380},{"CountryName":"Latin America & the Caribbean (IDA & IBRD countries)","CountryCode":"TLA","GNI":8179},{"CountryName":"Timor-Leste","CountryCode":"TLS","GNI":1790},{"CountryName":"Middle East & North Africa (IDA & IBRD countries)","CountryCode":"TMN","GNI":3839},{"CountryName":"Tonga","CountryCode":"TON","GNI":4010},{"CountryName":"South Asia (IDA & IBRD)","CountryCode":"TSA","GNI":1729},
        {"CountryName":"Sub-Saharan Africa (IDA & IBRD countries)","CountryCode":"TSS","GNI":1486},{"CountryName":"Trinidad and Tobago","CountryCode":"TTO","GNI":15340},{"CountryName":"Tunisia","CountryCode":"TUN","GNI":3490},{"CountryName":"Turkey","CountryCode":"TUR","GNI":10940},{"CountryName":"Tuvalu","CountryCode":"TUV","GNI":4970},{"CountryName":"Tanzania","CountryCode":"TZA","GNI":910},{"CountryName":"Uganda","CountryCode":"UGA","GNI":600},{"CountryName":"Ukraine","CountryCode":"UKR","GNI":2390},{"CountryName":"Upper middle income","CountryCode":"UMC","GNI":8197},{"CountryName":"Uruguay","CountryCode":"URY","GNI":15250},{"CountryName":"United States","CountryCode":"USA","GNI":58270},{"CountryName":"Uzbekistan","CountryCode":"UZB","GNI":2000},{"CountryName":"St. Vincent and the Grenadines","CountryCode":"VCT","GNI":7390},{"CountryName":"Vietnam","CountryCode":"VNM","GNI":2160},{"CountryName":"Vanuatu","CountryCode":"VUT","GNI":2920},{"CountryName":"World","CountryCode":"WLD","GNI":10371},{"CountryName":"Samoa","CountryCode":"WSM","GNI":4090},{"CountryName":"Kosovo","CountryCode":"XKX","GNI":3900},
        {"CountryName":"South Africa","CountryCode":"ZAF","GNI":5430},{"CountryName":"Zambia","CountryCode":"ZMB","GNI":1290},{"CountryName":"Zimbabwe","CountryCode":"ZWE","GNI":1170},
        {"CountryName":"Zimbabwe","CountryCode":"ZWE","GNI":1171}];

    const sortMethod = sortMethodWithDirectionMultiColumn(
        [
            { column: "GNI", direction: "asc" },
            { column: "CountryCode", direction: "desc" }
        ]
    );
    let sortedData = data.sort(sortMethod);  
    
    
    console.log("sorted by: 1)column:GNI-asc, 2)column:CountryCode-desc") 
    console.table(sortedData);
    console.log(sortedData);
    

Answer

String Appending Method

You can sort by multiple values simply by appending the values into a string and comparing the strings. It is helpful to add a split key character to prevent runoff from one key to the next.

Example

const arr = [ 
    { a: 1, b: 'a', c: 3 },
    { a: 2, b: 'a', c: 5 },
    { a: 1, b: 'b', c: 4 },
    { a: 2, b: 'a', c: 4 }
]


function sortBy (arr, keys, splitKeyChar='~') {
    return arr.sort((i1,i2) => {
        const sortStr1 = keys.reduce((str, key) => str + splitKeyChar+i1[key], '')
        const sortStr2 = keys.reduce((str, key) => str + splitKeyChar+i2[key], '')
        return sortStr1.localeCompare(sortStr2)
    })
}

console.log(sortBy(arr, ['a', 'b', 'c']))

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