window.onbeforeunload and window.onunload is not working in Firefox , Safari , Opera?

In my chat application I need to get confirmation from user , when my application closes.

So I used the window.onbeforeunload for confirmation alert and window.onunload for logout().

  1. But both functions are working in IE and Chrome.( Application works fine)

  2. window.onbeforeunload not working in Opera and my message will not get displayed in Firefox.

  3. window.onunload not working in Safari , Opera and Firefox.

My javaScript code will be ,

// Used for confirmation , to closing the window 
window.onbeforeunload = function () {

    return  "Are you sure want to LOGOUT the session ?";
}; 

// Used to logout the session , when browser window was closed 
window.onunload = function () {

    if((sessionId != null)&&(sessionId!="null")&& (sessionId != ""))
        logout();
};

I also tried the same function with JQuery,

<script type="text/javascript">

    $(window).on('beforeunload', function() {
        return 'Are you sure want to LOGOUT the session ?';
    });

    $(window).unload(function() {
        if ((sessionId != null) && (sessionId != "null") && (sessionId != "")) {
            logout();
        }
    });

</script>

Answers:

Answer

Unfortunately, the methods you are using are unsupported in those browsers. To support my answer (this unsupportive behaviour) I have given links below.

onbeforeunload and onunload not working in opera... to support this

onbeforeunload in Opera
http://www.zachleat.com/web/dont-let-the-door-hit-you-onunload-and-onbeforeunload/

Though the onunload event doesn't work completely, you can use onunload to show a warning if a user clicks a link to navigate away from a page with an unsaved form.

onunload not working in safari... to support this

https://www.webkit.org/blog/516/webkit-page-cache-ii-the-unload-event/

You could rather try using the pagehide event in the safari browser in lieu of onunload.

onunload not working in firefox... to support this

https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=681636

They are yet to come up with a solution in FF too

Wish you good luck cheers.

Answer

Here is the working solution for ie, firefox and chrome:

var myEvent = window.attachEvent || window.addEventListener;
var chkevent = window.attachEvent ? 'onbeforeunload' : 'beforeunload'; /// make IE7, IE8 compitable

            myEvent(chkevent, function(e) { // For >=IE7, Chrome, Firefox
                var confirmationMessage = 'Are you sure to leave the page?';  // a space
                (e || window.event).returnValue = confirmationMessage;
                return confirmationMessage;
            });
Answer

I was able to get it to work in IE and FF with jQuery's:

$(window).bind('beforeunload', function(){

});

instead of: unload, onunload, or onbeforeunload

Answer

I got the solution for onunload in all browsers except Opera by changing the Ajax asynchronous request into synchronous request.

xmlhttp.open("POST","LogoutAction",false);

It works well for all browsers except Opera.

Answer

The onunload event is not called in all browsers. Worse, you cannot check the return value of onbeforeunload event. That prevents us from actually preforming a logout function.

However, you can hack around this.

Call logout first thing in the onbeforeunload event. then prompt the user. If the user cancels their logout, automatically login them back in, by using the onfocus event. Kinda backwards, but I think it should work.

'use strict';

var reconnect = false;

window.onfocus = function () {
  if (reconnect) {
    reconnect = false;
    alert("Perform an auto-login here!");
  }
};

window.onbeforeunload = function () {
  //logout();
  var msg = "Are you sure you want to leave?";
  reconnect = true;
  return msg;
};
Answer

Firefox simply does not show custom onbeforeunload messages. Mozilla say they are protecing end users from malicious sites that might show misleading text.

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