Websafe encoding of hashed string in nodejs

I am creating a re-director of sorts in nodejs. I have a few values like userid // superid

these I would like to hash to prevent users from retrieving the url and faking someone else's url and also base64 encode to minimize the length of the url created.

http://myurl.com/~hashedtoken where un-hashed hashtoken could be something like this 55q322q23 55 = userid

I thought about using crypto library like so:


which returns: u/mxNJQaSs2HYJ5wirEZOQ== The problem here is that I have the / which is not considered websafe so I would like to strip the un-safe letters from the base64 list of letters, somehow. Any ideas about this or perhaps a better solution to the problem at hand?



You could use a so called URL safe variant of Base64. The most common variant, described in RFC 4648, uses - and _ instead of + and / respectively, and omits padding characters (=).

Most implementations of Base64 support this URL safe variant too, though if yours doesn't, it's easy enough to do manually.


Here's what I used. Comments welcome :-)

The important bit is buffer.toString('base64'), then URL-safeing that base64 string with a couple of replace()s.

function newId() {
  // Get random string with 20 bytes secure randomness
  var crypto = require('crypto');
  var id = crypto.randomBytes(20).toString('base64');
  // Make URL safe
  return id.replace(/\+/g, '-').replace(/\//g, '_').replace(/=+$/, '');

Based on the implementation here.

Makes a string safe for URL's and local email addresses (before the @).


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