Is there a way to add script to add new functions in evaluate() context of chrome+puppeeter?

Based on this response, is there a way (like with casperjs/phantomjs) to add our custom functions in page.evaluate() context ?

By example, include a file with a helper function x to call an Xpath function : x('//a/@href')

Answers:

Answer

You can register helper functions in separate page.evaluate() function. page.exposeFunction() looks temptingly, but it don't have access to browser context (and you need document object).

Here is an example of registering helper function with $x():

const puppeteer = require('puppeteer');

const helperFunctions = () => {
    window.$x = xPath => document
        .evaluate(
            xPath,
            document,
            null,
            XPathResult.FIRST_ORDERED_NODE_TYPE,
            null
        )
        .singleNodeValue;
};

(async () => {
    const browser = await puppeteer.launch();
    const page = await browser.newPage();
    await page.goto('https://en.wikipedia.org', { waitUntil: 'networkidle2' });

    await page.evaluate(helperFunctions);

    const text = await page.evaluate(() => {
        // $x() is now available
        const featureArticle = $x('//*[@id="mp-tfa"]');

        return featureArticle.textContent;
    });
    console.log(text);
    await browser.close();
})();

(edit - add helpers from a file)

You can also keep helpers in a separate file and inject it into browser context by page.addScriptTag(). Here is an example of it:

helperFunctions.js

window.$x = xPath => document
    .evaluate(
        xPath,
        document,
        null,
        XPathResult.FIRST_ORDERED_NODE_TYPE,
        null
    )
    .singleNodeValue;

And use it:

const puppeteer = require('puppeteer');

(async () => {
    const browser = await puppeteer.launch();
    const page = await browser.newPage();
    await page.goto('https://en.wikipedia.org', { waitUntil: 'networkidle2' });

    await page.addScriptTag({ path: './helperFunctions.js' });

    const text = await page.evaluate(() => {
        // $x() is now available
        const featureArticle = $x('//*[@id="mp-tfa"]');

        return featureArticle.textContent;
    });
    console.log(text);
    await browser.close();
})();
Answer

Another solution based on getElementByXPath() and getElementsByXPath(). The advantage is that we can use an xpath expression against a particular node (second argument).

window.$x = xPath => document
    .evaluate(
        xPath,
        document,
        null,
        XPathResult.FIRST_ORDERED_NODE_TYPE,
        null
    )
    .singleNodeValue;

window.getElementByXPath = function getElementByXPath(expression, scope) {
    scope = scope || document;
    var a = document.evaluate(expression, scope, null, XPathResult.ORDERED_NODE_SNAPSHOT_TYPE, null);
    if (a.snapshotLength > 0) {
        return a.snapshotItem(0);
    }
};

window.getElementsByXPath = function getElementsByXPath(expression, scope) {
    scope = scope || document;
    var nodes = [];
    var a = document.evaluate(expression, scope, null, XPathResult.ORDERED_NODE_SNAPSHOT_TYPE, null);
    for (var i = 0; i < a.snapshotLength; i++) {
        nodes.push(a.snapshotItem(i));
    }
    return nodes;
};

Real life code sample :

const puppeteer = require('puppeteer');

(async () => {

    const browser = await puppeteer.launch();
    const page = await browser.newPage();

    await page.goto('https://99bitcoins.com/bitcoin-rich-list-top100/#addresses', { waitUntil: 'networkidle2' });
    await page.addScriptTag({ path: './helperFunctions.js' });

    const result = await page.evaluate(() => {
        var obj = {};
        var data = getElementsByXPath('//table[@class="t99btc-rich-list"]//tr');
        for (var i = 1; i<=100; i++) {
           obj[i] = {
               "hash": getElementByXPath('./td/a', data[i]).innerText,
               "balance": getElementByXPath('./td[3]', data[i]).innerText
           }
        }

        return obj;

    });
    console.log(JSON.stringify(result, null, 4));
    await browser.close();

})();

Tags

Recent Questions

Top Questions

Home Tags Terms of Service Privacy Policy DMCA Contact Us Javascript

©2020 All rights reserved.