Processing $http response in service

I recently posted a detailed description of the issue I am facing here at SO. As I couldn't send an actual $http request, I used timeout to simulate asynchronous behavior. Data binding from my model to view is working correct, with the help of @Gloopy

Now, when I use $http instead of $timeout (tested locally), I could see the asynchronous request was successful and data is filled with json response in my service. But, my view is not updating.

updated Plunkr here

Answers:

Answer

Here is a Plunk that does what you want: http://plnkr.co/edit/TTlbSv?p=preview

The idea is that you work with promises directly and their "then" functions to manipulate and access the asynchronously returned responses.

app.factory('myService', function($http) {
  var myService = {
    async: function() {
      // $http returns a promise, which has a then function, which also returns a promise
      var promise = $http.get('test.json').then(function (response) {
        // The then function here is an opportunity to modify the response
        console.log(response);
        // The return value gets picked up by the then in the controller.
        return response.data;
      });
      // Return the promise to the controller
      return promise;
    }
  };
  return myService;
});

app.controller('MainCtrl', function( myService,$scope) {
  // Call the async method and then do stuff with what is returned inside our own then function
  myService.async().then(function(d) {
    $scope.data = d;
  });
});

Here is a slightly more complicated version that caches the request so you only make it first time (http://plnkr.co/edit/2yH1F4IMZlMS8QsV9rHv?p=preview):

app.factory('myService', function($http) {
  var promise;
  var myService = {
    async: function() {
      if ( !promise ) {
        // $http returns a promise, which has a then function, which also returns a promise
        promise = $http.get('test.json').then(function (response) {
          // The then function here is an opportunity to modify the response
          console.log(response);
          // The return value gets picked up by the then in the controller.
          return response.data;
        });
      }
      // Return the promise to the controller
      return promise;
    }
  };
  return myService;
});

app.controller('MainCtrl', function( myService,$scope) {
  $scope.clearData = function() {
    $scope.data = {};
  };
  $scope.getData = function() {
    // Call the async method and then do stuff with what is returned inside our own then function
    myService.async().then(function(d) {
      $scope.data = d;
    });
  };
});
Answer

Let it be simple. It's as simple as

  1. Return promise in your service(no need to use then in service)
  2. Use then in your controller

Demo. http://plnkr.co/edit/cbdG5p?p=preview

var app = angular.module('plunker', []);

app.factory('myService', function($http) {
  return {
    async: function() {
      return $http.get('test.json');  //1. this returns promise
    }
  };
});

app.controller('MainCtrl', function( myService,$scope) {
  myService.async().then(function(d) { //2. so you can use .then()
    $scope.data = d;
  });
});
Answer

Because it is asynchronous, the $scope is getting the data before the ajax call is complete.

You could use $q in your service to create promise and give it back to controller, and controller obtain the result within then() call against promise.

In your service,

app.factory('myService', function($http, $q) {
  var deffered = $q.defer();
  var data = [];  
  var myService = {};

  myService.async = function() {
    $http.get('test.json')
    .success(function (d) {
      data = d;
      console.log(d);
      deffered.resolve();
    });
    return deffered.promise;
  };
  myService.data = function() { return data; };

  return myService;
});

Then, in your controller:

app.controller('MainCtrl', function( myService,$scope) {
  myService.async().then(function() {
    $scope.data = myService.data();
  });
});
Answer

tosh shimayama have a solution but you can simplify a lot if you use the fact that $http returns promises and that promises can return a value:

app.factory('myService', function($http, $q) {
  myService.async = function() {
    return $http.get('test.json')
    .then(function (response) {
      var data = reponse.data;
      console.log(data);
      return data;
    });
  };

  return myService;
});

app.controller('MainCtrl', function( myService,$scope) {
  $scope.asyncData = myService.async();
  $scope.$watch('asyncData', function(asyncData) {
    if(angular.isDefined(asyncData)) {
      // Do something with the returned data, angular handle promises fine, you don't have to reassign the value to the scope if you just want to use it with angular directives
    }
  });

});

A little demonstration in coffeescript: http://plunker.no.de/edit/ksnErx?live=preview

Your plunker updated with my method: http://plnkr.co/edit/mwSZGK?p=preview

Answer

A much better way I think would be something like this:

Service:

app.service('FruitsManager',function($q){

    function getAllFruits(){
        var deferred = $q.defer();

        ...

        // somewhere here use: deferred.resolve(awesomeFruits);

        ...

        return deferred.promise;
    }

    return{
        getAllFruits:getAllFruits
    }

});

And in the controller you can simply use:

$scope.fruits = FruitsManager.getAllFruits();

Angular will automatically put the resolved awesomeFruits into the $scope.fruits.

Answer

I had the same problem, but when I was surfing on the internet I understood that $http return back by default a promise, then I could use it with "then" after return the "data". look at the code:

 app.service('myService', function($http) {
       this.getData = function(){
         var myResponseData = $http.get('test.json').then(function (response) {
            console.log(response);.
            return response.data;
          });
         return myResponseData;

       }
});    
 app.controller('MainCtrl', function( myService, $scope) {
      // Call the getData and set the response "data" in your scope.  
      myService.getData.then(function(myReponseData) {
        $scope.data = myReponseData;
      });
 });
Answer

When binding the UI to your array you'll want to make sure you update that same array directly by setting the length to 0 and pushing the data into the array.

Instead of this (which set a different array reference to data which your UI won't know about):

 myService.async = function() {
    $http.get('test.json')
    .success(function (d) {
      data = d;
    });
  };

try this:

 myService.async = function() {
    $http.get('test.json')
    .success(function (d) {
      data.length = 0;
      for(var i = 0; i < d.length; i++){
        data.push(d[i]);
      }
    });
  };

Here is a fiddle that shows the difference between setting a new array vs emptying and adding to an existing one. I couldn't get your plnkr working but hopefully this works for you!

Answer

Related to this I went through a similar problem, but not with get or post made by Angular but with an extension made by a 3rd party (in my case Chrome Extension).
The problem that I faced is that the Chrome Extension won't return then() so I was unable to do it the way in the solution above but the result is still Asynchronous.
So my solution is to create a service and to proceed to a callback

app.service('cookieInfoService', function() {
    this.getInfo = function(callback) {
        var model = {};
        chrome.cookies.get({url:serverUrl, name:'userId'}, function (response) {
            model.response= response;
            callback(model);
        });
    };
});

Then in my controller

app.controller("MyCtrl", function ($scope, cookieInfoService) {
    cookieInfoService.getInfo(function (info) {
        console.log(info);
    });
});

Hope this can help others getting the same issue.

Answer

I've read http://markdalgleish.com/2013/06/using-promises-in-angularjs-views/ [AngularJS allows us to streamline our controller logic by placing a promise directly on the scope, rather than manually handing the resolved value in a success callback.]

so simply and handy :)

var app = angular.module('myApp', []);
            app.factory('Data', function($http,$q) {
                return {
                    getData : function(){
                        var deferred = $q.defer();
                        var promise = $http.get('./largeLoad').success(function (response) {
                            deferred.resolve(response);
                        });
                        // Return the promise to the controller
                        return deferred.promise; 
                    }
                }
            });
            app.controller('FetchCtrl',function($scope,Data){
                $scope.items = Data.getData();
            });

Hope this help

Answer

I really don't like the fact that, because of the "promise" way of doing things, the consumer of the service that uses $http has to "know" about how to unpack the response.

I just want to call something and get the data out, similar to the old $scope.items = Data.getData(); way, which is now deprecated.

I tried for a while and didn't come up with a perfect solution, but here's my best shot (Plunker). It may be useful to someone.

app.factory('myService', function($http) {
  var _data;  // cache data rather than promise
  var myService = {};

  myService.getData = function(obj) { 
    if(!_data) {
      $http.get('test.json').then(function(result){
        _data = result.data;
        console.log(_data);  // prove that it executes once
        angular.extend(obj, _data);
      }); 
    } else {  
      angular.extend(obj, _data);
    }
  };

  return myService;
}); 

Then controller:

app.controller('MainCtrl', function( myService,$scope) {
  $scope.clearData = function() {
    $scope.data = Object.create(null);
  };
  $scope.getData = function() {
    $scope.clearData();  // also important: need to prepare input to getData as an object
    myService.getData($scope.data); // **important bit** pass in object you want to augment
  };
});

Flaws I can already spot are

  • You have to pass in the object which you want the data added to, which isn't an intuitive or common pattern in Angular
  • getData can only accept the obj parameter in the form of an object (although it could also accept an array), which won't be a problem for many applications, but it's a sore limitation
  • You have to prepare the input object $scope.data with = {} to make it an object (essentially what $scope.clearData() does above), or = [] for an array, or it won't work (we're already having to assume something about what data is coming). I tried to do this preparation step IN getData, but no luck.

Nevertheless, it provides a pattern which removes controller "promise unwrap" boilerplate, and might be useful in cases when you want to use certain data obtained from $http in more than one place while keeping it DRY.

Answer

As far as caching the response in service is concerned , here's another version that seems more straight forward than what I've seen so far:

App.factory('dataStorage', function($http) {
     var dataStorage;//storage for cache

     return (function() {
         // if dataStorage exists returned cached version
        return dataStorage = dataStorage || $http({
      url: 'your.json',
      method: 'GET',
      cache: true
    }).then(function (response) {

              console.log('if storage don\'t exist : ' + response);

              return response;
            });

    })();

});

this service will return either the cached data or $http.get;

 dataStorage.then(function(data) {
     $scope.data = data;
 },function(e){
    console.log('err: ' + e);
 });
Answer

Please try the below Code

You can split the controller (PageCtrl) and service (dataService)

'use strict';
(function () {
    angular.module('myApp')
        .controller('pageContl', ['$scope', 'dataService', PageContl])
        .service('dataService', ['$q', '$http', DataService]);
    function DataService($q, $http){
        this.$q = $q;
        this.$http = $http;
        //... blob blob 
    }
    DataService.prototype = {
        getSearchData: function () {
            var deferred = this.$q.defer(); //initiating promise
            this.$http({
                method: 'POST',//GET
                url: 'test.json',
                headers: { 'Content-Type': 'application/json' }
            }).then(function(result) {
                deferred.resolve(result.data);
            },function (error) {
                deferred.reject(error);
            });
            return deferred.promise;
        },
        getABCDATA: function () {

        }
    };
    function PageContl($scope, dataService) {
        this.$scope = $scope;
        this.dataService = dataService; //injecting service Dependency in ctrl
        this.pageData = {}; //or [];
    }
    PageContl.prototype = {
         searchData: function () {
             var self = this; //we can't access 'this' of parent fn from callback or inner function, that's why assigning in temp variable
             this.dataService.getSearchData().then(function (data) {
                 self.searchData = data;
             });
         }
    }
}());

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